• dependency;
  • dependent personality disorder;
  • diagnosis;
  • sex bias;
  • self-report bias

A review of the empirical literature on sex differences in dependent personality disorder (DPD) prevalence rates indicates that, contrary to the assertions of the DSM-IV, women receive DPD diagnoses at significantly higher rates than do men. Research in this area further suggests that sex differences In DPD prevalence rates are due in part to men's unwillingness to acknowledge dependent feelings, attitudes, and behaviors In interviews and on self-report tests. Variations in the magnitude of sex differences obtained with different types of dependency measures are reviewed, and the value of implementing a muftimodal approach to assessing dependency in research and clinical settings is discussed.