Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Tic Disorders
Article first published online: 23 JUL 2007
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice
Volume 14, Issue 3, pages 252–267, September 2007
How to Cite
Cook, C. R. and Blacher, J. (2007), Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Tic Disorders. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 14: 252–267. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2850.2007.00085.x
- Issue published online: 23 JUL 2007
- Article first published online: 23 JUL 2007
- Received April 14, 2006; revised 1 July 25, 2006; revised 2 September 17, 2006; accepted September 19, 2006.
- evidence-based treatment;
- psychosocial treatment;
- tic disorders;
- Tourette syndrome
Researchers have questioned the clinical utility of psychosocial treatments to reduce tics in persons with chronic tic disorder or Tourette syndrome. The purpose of this research was to perform an evidence-based analysis on various types of psychosocial treatments to ameliorate tics. The rigorous evidence-based criteria established by the American Psychological Association's Division 12 Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures were used to evaluate the evidence base of psychosocial treatments. Results from this investigation indicate that habit reversal training met criteria as a well-established treatment. In addition, exposure and response prevention was deemed to have met criteria necessary for classification as a probably efficacious treatment. The clinical implications of the results and directions for future research on other promising psychosocial treatments for individuals with tics are discussed.