Collaborative Empiricism in Cognitive Therapy: A Definition and Theory for the Relationship Construct
Article first published online: 15 MAR 2011
© 2011 American Psychological Association. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., on behalf of the American Psychological Association
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice
Volume 18, Issue 1, pages 47–61, March 2011
How to Cite
Tee, J. and Kazantzis, N. (2011), Collaborative Empiricism in Cognitive Therapy: A Definition and Theory for the Relationship Construct. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 18: 47–61. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2850.2010.01234.x
- Issue published online: 15 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 15 MAR 2011
- Received December 13, 2009; revised May 16, 2010; accepted May 25, 2010.
- collaborative empiricism;
[Clin Psychol Sci Prac 18: 47–61, 2011]
Despite the consensus regarding the importance of collaborative empiricism (CE) in Beck’s cognitive therapy, absent are operational definitions, measures, or empirical investigations of the construct. Existing research has centered on constructs such as the working alliance and has produced inconsistent findings. It is unclear whether CE is related to treatment outcomes, or whether it mediates other cognitive change processes. This article argues that the core meaning of collaboration in CE, “sharing the work,” is not captured by the most frequently used construct of the therapeutic alliance in cognitive therapy research. A theory of CE, based on self-determination theory, is developed that integrates the collaborative and empirical aspects of CE and addresses the motivational aspect of the construct.