Everett M. Rogers is professor, Department of Communication and Journalism, University of New Mexico. The author expresses his thanks to Rolf Wigand, professor in the School of Information Studies at Syracuse University, and to Kathyrn Sorrells, University of New Mexico, for their critical reading of an earlier draft of the present essay. Many of the ideas expressed here are based on Rogers and Steinfatt (1999). The present paper draws upon archival materials in the E. T. Hall Papers, Special Collections, University of Arizona Library, and upon a graduate course in intercul-tural communication taught by Edward T. Hall at the University of New Mexico in 1997.
Georg Simmel's Concept of the Stranger and Intercultural Communication Research
Version of Record online: 17 MAR 2006
Volume 9, Issue 1, pages 58–74, February 1999
How to Cite
Rogers, E. M. (1999), Georg Simmel's Concept of the Stranger and Intercultural Communication Research. Communication Theory, 9: 58–74. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2885.1999.tb00162.x
- Issue online: 17 MAR 2006
- Version of Record online: 17 MAR 2006
The stranger, defined by Georg Simmel as an individual who is a member of a system but who is not strongly attached to the system, influenced (1) such important concepts as social distance, the marginal man, heterophily, and cosmopoliteness, (2) the value on objectivity in social science research, and (3) to a certain extent, the specialty field of intercultural communication. Here we explore these influences of Simmel's theory of human communication, especially his concept of the stranger, and highlight certain implications for the contemporary study of intercultural communication.