This study accepted for publication April 20, 1977.
BODY MOVEMENT IN RELATION TO TYPE OF INFORMATION (PERSON- AND NONPERSON-ORIENTED) AND COGNITIVE STYLE (FIELD DEPENDENCE)1
Article first published online: 17 MAR 2006
Human Communication Research
Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 19–29, September 1977
How to Cite
SOUSA-POZA, J. F. and ROHRBERG, R. (1977), BODY MOVEMENT IN RELATION TO TYPE OF INFORMATION (PERSON- AND NONPERSON-ORIENTED) AND COGNITIVE STYLE (FIELD DEPENDENCE)1. Human Communication Research, 4: 19–29. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2958.1977.tb00592.x
- Issue published online: 17 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 17 MAR 2006
The occurrence of body-focused (self-touching) and object-focused (“free”) movements was investigated in a semi-structured interview involving two communicative tasks—person-oriented and non-person-oriented and two types of encoders (field-dependent and field-independent). Person-oriented information was accompanied by more continuous body touching movements (p < .001) and nonrepresentational (speech primacy) movements (p < .01). Representational (motor primacy) movements were more prevalent during the communication of non-person-oriented information (p < .001). Overall, field-dependent encoders produced more continuous body touching movements than field-independents (p < .05). It is proposed that body-focused movement is a reflection of the degree of uncertainty involved in generating information as a function of, among other factors, the type of information, the psychological differentiation of the encoder (field dependence) and the psychosocial uncertainty of the communicative setting. Object-focused movements seem to occur in relation to the type of information and listener availability.