Reports of the individual studies on which this article is based were presented at the annual meetings of the Speech Communication Association (Miami Beach, FL 1993), the International Communication Association (Sydney, NSW 1994), and the Western States Communication Association (Portland, OR, 1995). Please address all correspondence to the first author.
Constituting Relationships in Talk A Taxonomy of Speech Events in Social and Personal Relationships
Article first published online: 17 MAR 2006
Human Communication Research
Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 87–114, September 1996
How to Cite
GOLDSMITH, D. J. and BAXTER, L. A. (1996), Constituting Relationships in Talk A Taxonomy of Speech Events in Social and Personal Relationships. Human Communication Research, 23: 87–114. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2958.1996.tb00388.x
- Issue published online: 17 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 17 MAR 2006
In a series of four studies, a descriptive taxonomy of dyadic speech events in everyday relating was developed and employed to explore the constitutive functions of interpersonal communication. Twenty-nine speech events were identified and replicated through a variety of multi-method procedures, including unstructured and structured diary records, judgment sorting tasks, and semantic-differential rating scaks. Everyday relating appears to be dominated by six kinds of talk events: gossip, making plans, joking around, catching up, small talk, and recapping the day's events. The taxonomy of speech events appears to be organized along three dimensions: formal/goal-directed, important/deep/involving, and positive valence. Preliminary evidence suggests how different types of personal relationships are constituted in different speech events.