The authors want to acknowledge substantive changes incorporated in this manuscript due to thoughtful anonymous reviewers, as well as Cindy Gallois, at Human Communication Research and the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Attachment as a Function of Parental and Partner Approach-Avoidance Tendencies
Article first published online: 17 MAR 2006
Human Communication Research
Volume 23, Issue 3, pages 413–441, March 1997
How to Cite
Le POIRE, B. A., HAYNES, J., DRISCOLL, J., DRIVER, B. N., WHEELIS, T. F., HYDE, M. K., PROCHASKA, M. and RAMOS, L. (1997), Attachment as a Function of Parental and Partner Approach-Avoidance Tendencies. Human Communication Research, 23: 413–441. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2958.1997.tb00403.x
- Issue published online: 17 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 17 MAR 2006
This two-part investigation develops a new scale of parental attachment that includes the previously under examined form of role reversal, or being a caregiver for one's parent, and explores the contention that romantic attachment is more dyadic than originally conceived, in that it is a function of an interaction between parental attachment style and specific partner romantic attachment style. It was expected that the most secure partners would have secure attachments with their parents and partners who report their own secure romantic attachment, that the most preoccupied partners would have been anxious-ambivalent in their attachment to their parents and paired with dismissively avoidant others, and that the most dismissively avoidant partners would have been role reversed by their parents and paired with preoccupied partners. Support for this expanded model was found, in that parental and partner attachments both influenced the final form of romantic attachment, with partner attachment appearing to have more influence than parental attachment. The relationship of romantic attachment style to the subsequent communication outcome of self-disclosure was also explored. Results supported expectations, with security relating positively to intentional and honest self-disclosure, preoccupation relating negatively with honesty, and dismissive avoidance relating to greater positivity and less honesty.