Adaptation and communicative design.
Patterns of interaction in truthful and deceptive conversations
Article first published online: 10 JAN 2006
Human Communication Research
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 9–37, January 2001
How to Cite
White, C. and Burgoon, J. (2001), Adaptation and communicative design. Human Communication Research, 27: 9–37. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2958.2001.tb00774.x
- Issue published online: 10 JAN 2006
- Article first published online: 10 JAN 2006
Two theoretical frameworks that examine the nature of adaptability and mutual influence in interaction, interpersonal deception theory and interaction adaptation theory, were used to derive hypotheses concerning patterns of interaction that occur across time in truthful and deceptive conversations. Two studies were conducted in which senders were either truthful or deceptive in their interactions with a partner who increased or decreased involvement during the latter half of the conversation. Results revealed that deceivers felt more anxious and were more concerned about self-presentation than truthtellers prior to the interaction and displayed less initial involvement than truthtellers. Patterns of interaction were also moderated by deception. Deceivers increased involvement over time but also reciprocated increases or decreases in receiver involvement. However, deceivers were less responsive than truthtellers to changes in receiver behavior. Finally, partner involvement served as feedback to senders regarding their own performance.