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Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, hemicrania continua and SUNCT syndrome in association with other pathologies: a review


M. Trucco, Department of Neurology, Santa Corona Hospital, Via XXV aprile 128, 17027 Pietra, Ligure (SV), Italy. E-mail


We present a review of 22 cases of headache mimicking chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) (17 female and five male; F : M ratio 3.4), nine cases mimicking hemicrania continua (HC) (seven female and two male) and seven cases mimicking SUNCT syndrome (five male and two female) found in association with other pathologies published from 1980 up to the present. All case reports were discussed with respect to diagnostic criteria proposed by International Headache Society (IHS) for CPH, by Goadsby and Lipton for HC and SUNCT, and evaluated to identify a possible causal relationship between the pathology and the onset of headache. The aim of the present review was to evaluate if the presence of associated lesions and their location could help elucidate the pathogenesis of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs).

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