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Keywords:

  • Crohn's disease;
  • hyperergic reaction;
  • inflammatory bowel disease;
  • pathergy;
  • phagédenisme géométrique;
  • pyoderma gangrenosum;
  • ulcerative colitis

Abstract

Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare, ulcerative, cutaneous condition. First described in 1930, the pathogenesis of pyoderma gangrenosum remains unknown, but it is probably related to a hyperergic reaction. There are various clinical and histological variants of this disorder. Pyoderma gangrenosum often occurs in association with a systemic disease such as inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatologic disease, paraproteinaemia, or haematological malignancy. The diagnosis, mainly based on the clinical presentation and course, is confirmed through a process of elimination of other causes of cutaneous ulcers. Local treatment may be sufficient for mild disease, while for severe cases, systemic immunosuppressants are the mainstay. Long-term treatment with these agents is often required, but this can expose patients to adverse side-effects.

Conflicts of interest

None declared.