Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no potential conflicts of interest.
Psychological distress and coping strategies in patients attending a dermatology outpatient clinic
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2011 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume 26, Issue 6, pages 746–754, June 2012
How to Cite
Mazzotti, E., Mastroeni, S., Lindau, J., Lombardo, G., Farina, B. and Pasquini, P. (2012), Psychological distress and coping strategies in patients attending a dermatology outpatient clinic. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 26: 746–754. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2011.04159.x
- Issue published online: 23 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2011
- Received: 12 February 2011; Accepted: 6 June 2011
Background Psychological distress is frequent among dermatological patients. The development of a positive attitude toward diagnosis and treatment is thought to be critical for successful coping and mental health outcomes.
Objective The aim of this study was to assess the coping strategies and the psychological distress, due to anxiety and depression, in an unselected sample of dermatological patients.
Methods Self-administered questionnaires (HADS, COPE) were given to 603 dermatological patients.
Results Out of 567 participants, 149 (26.2%) scored positive for Anxiety, and 52 (9.2%) scored positive for Depression. Multivariate analysis, adjusting for gender, age, socio-economic status, and disease, showed that both Anxiety and Depression are associated with a less frequent use of Positive attitude coping.
Conclusion Our results reinforce the notion that while planning the treatment of dermatological patients, evaluating their mental health might help to provide optimal treatment. Since coping ability was found to be important for mental health status, policy implications could include emphasis on social programs to assist individuals to manage stress, as well as psychological support.