Conflict of interest None of the authors have any conflict of interest to declare.
Adiponectin levels, insulin resistance and their relationship with serum levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with Behçet’s disease
Article first published online: 31 OCT 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2011 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume 26, Issue 12, pages 1498–1502, December 2012
How to Cite
Şahin, E., Karaman, G., Uslu, M., Karul, A., Şendur, N. and Şavk, E. (2012), Adiponectin levels, insulin resistance and their relationship with serum levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with Behçet’s disease. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 26: 1498–1502. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2011.04318.x
Funding sources This study is financially supported by Adnan Menderes University.
- Issue published online: 14 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 31 OCT 2011
- Received: 17 March 2011; Accepted: 4 October 2011
Aim Increased frequency of cardiovascular disease and its possible relations with insulin resistance have been reported in patients with inflammatory diseases. The aim of our study was to investigate insulin resistance and serum adiponectin levels as cardiovascular risk markers in patients with Behçet’s disease.
Method Study population consisted of 40 patients with Behçet’s disease (BD) and a control group composed of age, gender, body mass index-matched 46 healthy individuals. All patients were examined for signs of Behçet’s disease. Body mass index, waist and hip circumference were measured. Insulin resistance was evaluated using the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance method. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), lipid profile, high sensitive CRP (hsCRP), adiponectin, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 levels were measured.
Results Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum hsCRP and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in patients with BD than those in the controls (P = 0.001, P = 0.001, P = 0.001, respectively). Fasting plasma glucose, insulin levels and lipid profile were not different between the two groups. Insulin resistance and decreased levels of the serum adiponectin were not detected in the patients. There was no relationship between insulin resistance, adiponectin levels and inflammatory markers. Active and inactive patients did not differ in respect of any parameters.
Conclusion Being a systemic vasculitis, BD may cause cardiovascular involvement. In this study, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and low adiponectin levels were not detected among our patients with Behçet’s disease. Our results suggest that there exists no increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease associated with adiponectin levels and insulin resistance in patients with Behçet’s disease.