Funding sources Fellowship grant by Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
IgA anti-epidermal transglutaminase autoantibodies: a sensible and sensitive marker for diagnosis of dermatitis herpetiformis in adult patients
Article first published online: 2 JUN 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2012 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume 27, Issue 7, pages 836–841, July 2013
How to Cite
Borroni, G., Biagi, F., Ciocca, O., Vassallo, C., Carugno, A., Cananzi, R., Campanella, J., Bianchi, P.I., Brazzelli, V. and Corazza, G.R. (2013), IgA anti-epidermal transglutaminase autoantibodies: a sensible and sensitive marker for diagnosis of dermatitis herpetiformis in adult patients. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 27: 836–841. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04586.x
Conflict of interest The authors state no conflict of interest.
- Issue published online: 13 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 2 JUN 2012
- Received: 27 January 2012; Accepted: 30 April 2012
Background Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a rare gluten-sensitive blistering itchy skin disease, strictly related to coeliac disease (CD). Direct immunofluorescence, demonstrating IgA granular deposits localized either in the dermal papillae or along the dermo-epidermal junction, is currently the gold standard for diagnosis of DH. It has been shown that DH immunocomplexes contain epidermal transglutaminase (eTG) and that sera from patients with DH contain antibodies specifically directed against eTG.
Objectives We studied the usefulness of serum eTG antibodies in discriminating between DH, CD and other gastrointestinal and dermatologic diseases.
Methods eTG antibodies were tested in 308 adult patients’ sera: 44 patients with untreated dermatitis herpetiformis (UDH), 99 patients with untreated coeliac disease (UCD), 70 dermatological controls and 95 gastrointestinal controls.
Results In UDH eTG antibody levels were significantly higher than in DH patients on gluten-free diet, UCD, gastrointestinal controls and dermatological controls. In UCD eTG antibodies strongly correlated with tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies, whereas in UDH no significant correlation was observed.
Conclusion Serum IgA eTG antibody determination can efficiently distinguish UDH from other dermatological itchy diseases and is highly sensitive to gluten-free diet.