Conflicts of interest None.
High prevalence of minor symptoms in tattoos among a young population tattooed with carbon black and organic pigments
Article first published online: 25 JUN 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2012 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume 27, Issue 7, pages 846–852, July 2013
How to Cite
Høgsberg, T., Hutton Carlsen, K. and Serup, J. (2013), High prevalence of minor symptoms in tattoos among a young population tattooed with carbon black and organic pigments. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 27: 846–852. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04590.x
Funding sources None.
- Issue published online: 13 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 25 JUN 2012
- Received: 05 February 2012; Accepted: 30 April 2012
Background The prevalence of mild adverse reactions, i.e. complaints, in tattoos is sparsely described.
Objective The demography of tattoos in a young population representing an index population of the recent trend was studied. The prevalence of complaints related to tattoos, and tattoos by number, size, localization and colour were registered.
Methods The data were collected through personal interviews and examinations of consecutive individuals who spontaneously attended a clinic of venereology.
Results Of 154 participants with 342 tattoos, 27% reported complaints in a tattoo beyond 3 months after tattooing. The complaints were predominantly related to black and red pigments. The participants reported complaints in 16% of their tattoos. Fifty-eight per cent of those complaints were sun induced. The complaints varied in intensity but were mainly minor. Skin elevation and itching were most frequent. The responders stated overall satisfaction with 80% of all tattoos. Eight per cent of tattoos were situated on anatomical sites prohibited by Danish law.
Conclusion We found a remarkably high prevalence of tattoo complaints, including photosensitivity, among young individuals tattooed with carbon black and organic pigments especially red.