Stigma, Social Comparison and Self-Esteem in Adults with an Intellectual Disability
Article first published online: 30 SEP 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume 25, Issue 2, pages 166–176, March 2012
How to Cite
Paterson, L., McKenzie, K. and Lindsay, B. (2012), Stigma, Social Comparison and Self-Esteem in Adults with an Intellectual Disability. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 25: 166–176. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2011.00651.x
- Issue published online: 13 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 30 SEP 2011
- Accepted for publication5 August 2011
- intellectual disability;
- social comparison;
Background The paper examines the perception of stigma in 43 adults with an intellectual disability, the relationship this has with their psychological well-being and whether the process of social comparison has a moderating effect on this relationship.
Materials and Methods A questionnaire-based, within-participant design was used. Participants completed three self-report measures of perception of stigma, self-esteem and social comparison.
Results Perception of stigma was found to be significantly related to negative social comparisons, which in turn was significantly related to low self-esteem. No difference was found between social comparisons made with other service users and those made with people in the community. Social comparison was not found to have a moderating effect on the relationship between stigma and self-esteem.
Conclusion This study provides support for the influence of the perception of stigma and social comparison on the self-concept of individuals with an intellectual disability.