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Intellectual disability nursing – responding to health inequity

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Abstract

Accessible summary

  •  This article is about learning disability nursing. Some people think that nurses should be on about health and that some nurses spend too much time working on social issues.
  •  The writer of this article thinks that many of the health problems that people with learning disabilities have are caused by people not being able to get equal access to health care. He says that this not only about health. It is also about equality.
  •  The writer thinks that learning disability nurses should provide excellent health care. He also believes that nurses must work with people who have learning disabilities to make sure that they get the same health care as everyone else.

Summary

It is being increasingly recognised that the achievement of improved health outcomes for people with learning disabilities is central to the role of learning disability nurses. This is in recognition of the fact that an increasing body of evidence has demonstrated that these people often have poorer health outcomes than those in the mainstream population. Whilst accepting the role of the nurse in this regard, this paper argues that the continued enactment of that role solely within the margin, whether metaphorical or literal, will fail to achieve improved outcomes and will prolong the marginalisation of people with learning disabilities. In identifying the basis of such outcomes to be social inequity, it proposes that nursing must act in two orientations: health-oriented service provision and social activism. It is argued that only when such an approach is adopted will there be a real opportunity for people with learning disabilities to achieve optimal health outcomes.

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