We thank anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on a previous version of this article.
When openness to experience and conscientiousness affect continuous learning: A mediating role of intrinsic motivation and a moderating role of occupation1
Article first published online: 1 MAR 2011
© Japanese Psychological Association 2011.
Japanese Psychological Research
Volume 53, Issue 1, pages 1–14, March 2011
How to Cite
WATANABE, S., TAREQ, M. and KANAZAWA, Y. (2011), When openness to experience and conscientiousness affect continuous learning: A mediating role of intrinsic motivation and a moderating role of occupation. Japanese Psychological Research, 53: 1–14. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5884.2010.00447.x
A previous version of this study was presented at the 2010 Annual Conference of the Association for Psychological Science. The research project was supported in part by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 19330081 from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
- Issue published online: 1 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 1 MAR 2011
- (Received April 24, 2009; accepted July 3, 2010)
- openness to experience;
- intrinsic motivation;
- continuous learning
Research on the effects of personality on work behaviors has adopted either the motivational meditation perspective or the person-situation interaction perspective. This study attempted to integrate both of the perspectives in a single causal model. Specifically, using data collected from systems engineers and car salespeople in Japan, we investigated the mediating role of intrinsic motivation in the links from openness and conscientiousness to continuous learning, and the moderating role of occupation on the mediation mechanism. The results indicated that, for systems engineers, the effects of those personality traits on continuous learning were completely mediated via intrinsic motivation. For car salespeople, however, the trait effects on the outcome variable are direct, rather than transmitted through intrinsic motivation. The meanings of the findings and directions for future research are discussed.