Time perspective and motivation in interpersonal contexts



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    1. Osaka University of Human Sciences
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    • Deep gratitude is expressed to the three paper referees, editors, and the edit secretariat. Gratitude is shown to the following people and student for the investigation data collection. I was supported by many people while conducting the study, especially, Professors Hidekazu Hakoi, Naomi Dodo, and Madoka Ono of Osaka University of Human Sciences and Professor Minoru Wada of Meijo University. I would like to express my sincere appreciation to Professor Chizu Ishimoto of Wakayama prefectural advanced level nursing school. In addition, Professor Takashi Kusumi of Kyoto University provided many suggestions and advice on the relationship of sense of responsibility and time perspective. Professor Minoru Wada generously shared many articles and references, in addition to advising on social support. I express my deepest respect and appreciation.

Matsuko Kashio, Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Human Science, Osaka University of Human Sciences, Shoya, Settsu 566-0012, Japan. (E-mail: ma-kashio@kun.ohs.ac.jp)


This study investigated the relations between motivation and time perspective in interpersonal contexts. The participants were 327 university and nursing school students, who completed a questionnaire regarding achievement motivation, social support, responsibility toward others, and time perspective. This study found the following: First, motivation toward self-fulfilling achievements was positively related to hope, goal pursuit, and fulfillment in the present. In contrast, motivation toward competing achievement was negatively related to goal pursuit and fulfillment in the present. Second, emotional support was positively related to hope, goal pursuit, fulfillment in the present, and acceptance of the past. Third, a sense of responsibility toward others was negatively related to hope, but positively related to goal pursuit. These findings demonstrate the importance of motivation in an interpersonal context that determines all dimensions of time perspectives, namely the future, the present, and the past.