Why There is a Democratic Deficit in the EU: A Response to Majone and Moravcsik


Simon Hix, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK email: s.hix@lse.ac.uk


Giandomenico Majone and Andrew Moravcsik have argued that the EU does not suffer a ‘democratic deficit’. We disagree about one key element: whether a democratic polity requires contestation for political leadership and over policy. This aspect is an essential element of even the ‘thinnest’ theories of democracy, yet is conspicuously absent in the EU.