How Legitimate is the Open Method of Co-ordination?


  • I would like to thank Dawid Friedrich, Traute Meyer, Jan-Henrik Meyer, the participants in the European Social Policy workshop at the ECPR Joint Sessions in Nicosia, April 2006, particularly Karen Anderson, Wolfram Lamping, Deborah Mabbett and Waltraud Schelkle, as well as the two anonymous referees for very useful comments on previous versions of this article.

Milena Büchs
University of Southampton


This article argues that the OMC's legitimacy can be improved only by strengthening parliamentary channels of input-legitimacy since output-legitimacy alone is inappropriate and cannot be achieved without input-legitimacy. In addition, concepts and practices of direct ‘stakeholder’ participation currently applied within the OMC are insufficient in strengthening input-legitimacy.