Nokia as an Environmental Policy Actor: Evolution of Collaborative Corporate Political Activity in a Multinational Company


  • I am grateful for the financial support of the Finnish Environmental Cluster Research Programme and Technology Industries of Finland (YPSE Project) and the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation. Parts of the study have been presented earlier and the article has benefited especially from comments by Minna Halme, Eva Heiskanen, Sylvia Karlsson, Kristine Kern, Anna Kärnä, Per Mickwitz, Johannes Stripple, Helena Valve, Steven Wolf and the anonymous JCMS referees. A draft of this article was presented at the 20th World Congress of the International Political Science Association (IPSA), Fukuoka, Japan, 2006. I would like to thank especially Professor Wyn Grant for valuable and encouraging comments on the draft. In particular, I would like to acknowledge the contribution of all the interviewees and other informants, who gave their time and insights so generously. My warmest thanks go to the Nokia Corporation for its active contribution and interest in the successful accomplishment of the YPSE project. It should be stressed, however, that the views presented here are those of the author.

Petrus Kautto
Research Programme for Environmental Policy
Finnish Environment Institute
PO Box 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki, Finland
Tel +358 20 490 2335, Fax +358 20 490 2382


Although companies have been studied quite widely as political actors, the majority of this research has treated companies as a homogeneous group. This article inquires how Nokia, a multinational corporation, has anticipated legislation initiatives and how it has tried to influence policy development in interaction with industry associations and EU institutions.