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Cities, Europeanization and Multi-level Governance: Governing Climate Change through Transnational Municipal Networks


  • We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Anglo-German Foundation. We thank the anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on a previous version of this article and Stefan Niederhafner, Sandra Rechlin and Jost Wagner for research assistance. Please note that the views expressed in this report are exclusively those of the authors.

Harriet Bulkeley
Durham University, UK
Kristine Kern
Wageningen University, The Netherlands


This article focuses on a variant of multi-level governance and Europeanization, i.e. the transnational networking of local authorities. Focusing on local climate change policy, the article examines how transnational municipal networks (TMNs) govern in the context of multi-level European governance. We find that TMNs are networks of pioneers for pioneers.