Thanks to participants at the various conferences and workshops at which earlier versions of this article were presented for helpful critiques: particularly to participants in the Arena seminar and at the ECPR Porto conference. Thanks to James Mitchell for extensive comments on various drafts and to the two anonymous referees for constructive comments. This research is part of the ESRC-funded project RES-000-22-4348 ‘Implicit Triggers, Identity(ies) and Attitudes to the European Union: An Experimental Approach’.
Does the EU Need a Navel? Implicit and Explicit Identification with the European Union*
Article first published online: 12 OCT 2011
© 2011 The Author(s). JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies
Volume 50, Issue 1, pages 71–86, January 2012
How to Cite
CRAM, L. (2012), Does the EU Need a Navel? Implicit and Explicit Identification with the European Union. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 50: 71–86. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5965.2011.02207.x
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 12 OCT 2011
Analysts should expect neither too much from European Union identity and its causal role in driving the integration process, nor too little, by underestimating the stabilizing force of implicit identification with the EU. Daily transactions in an EU institutional context embed an acceptance of the EU as a legitimate political authority and underpin passive consent to the continued functioning of the EU. The emergence of explicit EU identification is contingent upon the value (real and symbolic) attached to transactions, the extent to which valued goods are perceived to be under threat and whether competing political authorities are viewed as legitimate.