• 1
    Arditi M, Shulman ST, Davis AT, Yogev R. Group C β-hemolytic streptococcal infections in children: nine pediatric cases and review. Rev Infect Dis 1989; 111: 3445.
  • 2
    Benjamin JT, Perriello VA. Pharyngitis due to group C hemolytic streptococci. J Pediatr 1976; 89: 254255.
  • 3
    Bisno AL. Acute pharyngitis: etiology and diagnosis. Pediatrics 1997; 97: S949S954.
  • 4
    Cimolai N, Elford RW, Bryan L, Annad C, Berger P. Do the β-hemolytic non-group A streptococci cause pharyngitis? Rev Infect Dis 1988; 10: 587601.
  • 5
    Gerber MA, Randolph MF, Martin NJ et al. Community-wide outbreak of group G streptococcal pharyngitis. Pediatrics 1991; 87: 598603.
  • 6
    Green M. Nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis 1998; 9: 5659.
  • 7
    Kaplan E, Nussbaum M, Shenker IR, Munday M, Isenberg HD. Group C hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis. J Pediatr 1977; 90: 327328.
  • 8
    Fox K, Turner J, Fox A. Role of beta-hemolytic group C streptococci in pharyngitis: incidence and biochemical characteristics of Streptococcus equisimilis and Streptococcus anginosus in patients and healthy controls. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31: 804807.
  • 9
    Meier FA, Centor RM, Graham L, Dalton HP. Clinical and microbiological evidence for endemic pharyngitis among adults due to group C streptococci. Arch Intern Med 1990; 150: 825829.
  • 10
    Turner JC, Hayden GF, Kiselica D, Lohr J, Fishburne CF, Murren D. Association of group C β-hemolytic streptococci with endemic pharyngitis among college students. JAMA 1990; 264: 26442647.
  • 11
    Turner JC, Hayden FG, Lobo MC, Ramirez CE, Murren D. Epidemiologic evidence for Lancefield group C beta-hemolytic streptococci as a cause of exudative pharyngitis in college students. J Clin Microbiol 1997; 35: 14.
  • 12
    Bisno AL, Collins CM, Turner JC. M proteins of group C streptococci isolated from patients with acute pharyngitis. J Clin Microbiol 1996; 34: 25112515.
  • 13
    Turner JC, Fox A, Fox K et al. Role of group C beta-hemolytic streptococci in pharyngitis: epidemiologic study of clinical features associated with isolation of group C streptococci. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31: 808811.
  • 14
    Vandamme P, Pot B, Falsen E, Kersters K, Devriese LA. Taxonomic study of Lancefield streptococcal groups C, G and L (Streptococcus dysgalactiae) and proposal of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis subsp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1996; 46: 774781.
  • 15
    Haslam DB, St Geme JW. Group C and G streptococci. In: LongSS, PickeringLK, ProberCG, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric infectious diseases, 1st edn. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1997; 826828.
  • 16
    Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Mandell, Douglas and Bennett's principles and practice of infectious disease, 4th edn. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1995.
  • 17
    Cimolai N, Morrison BJ, MacCullogh L, Smith DF, Hlady J. Beta-haemolytic non-group A streptococci and pharyngitis: a case control study. Eur J Pediatr 1991; 150: 776779.
  • 18
    Schlaes DM, Lerner PI, Wolinsky E, Gopalakrishna KV. Infections due to Lancefield Group F and related streptococci (S. milleri, S. anginosus). Medicine 1981; 60: 197207.
  • 19
    Hayden GF, Murphy TF, Hendley JO. Non-group A streptococci in the pharynx: pathogens or innocent bystanders? Am J Dis Child 1989; 143: 794797.
  • 20
    Chowdhury MNH, Kambal AM, Al-Eissa YA et al. Non-group A streptococci: are they pathogens in the throat? J R Soc Health 1997; 117: 160163.
  • 21
    Haidan A, Talay SR, Rohde M et al. Pharyngeal carriage of group C and group G streptococci and acute rheumatic fever in an Aboriginal population. Lancet 2000; 356: 11671169.