Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2 in cervical samples in human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive and HPV-negative women

Authors


Corresponding author and reprint requests: W. Y. Almawi, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Arabian Gulf University, PO Box 22979, Manama, Bahrain
E-mail: wyalmawi@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

This study investigated whether the prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV) in association with Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 and/or HSV-2 was greater in high-grade than in low-grade or control cervical biopsy specimens. HPV-positive (n = 86) and HPV-negative (n = 213) women were screened for HPV, HSV and C. trachomatis by PCR. The most common HPV genotypes were HPV-16, HPV-6 and HPV-33; mixed HPV infection (n = 12) was also seen. A higher prevalence of C. trachomatis, HSV-1 and HSV-2 was found in HPV-positive samples. High-risk HPV genotypes and combined HPV + C. trachomatis or HPV + HSV-1, but not HSV-2, infections were associated with a greater risk of developing cervical carcinoma.

Ancillary