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Keywords:

  • Antibiotic resistance;
  • bacterial evolution;
  • microbial ecology;
  • subinhibitory concentration

Abstract

Antibiotics are likely the most important compounds used for human therapy. Conversely, antibiotic resistance is a relevant medical problem. However, besides their relevance for human health, antibiotics and their resistance genes are important elements that can influence the structure of microbial populations. In this article, we discuss antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in non-clinical enviromnents.