Clin Microbiol Infect 2010; 16: 289–292
Necrotizing fasciitis due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an uncommon but life-threatening infection, and has mainly been reported as occurring in adults and the elderly. Recently, infant cases involving Panton–Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-positive community-acquired MRSA have been noted. Here, a case of fatal necrotizing fasciitis with sepsis and disseminated intravascular coagulation in an extremely low-birth-weight infant is described. The causative agent was the hospital-acquired MRSA New York/Japan clone carrying the spa variant gene and nine staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) genes. These data suggest that a high-level combination of SEs and other virulence factors, but not PVL, could contribute to the pathogenesis of fatal necrotizing fasciitis.