• 1
    Schnittman S, Lane HC, Witebsky FG, Gosey LL, Hoggan MD, Fauci AS. Host defense against Mycobacterium avium complex. J Clin Immunol 1988; 8: 234243.
  • 2
    Reichenbach J, Rosenzweig S, Doffinger R, Dupuis S, Holland SM, Casanova JL. Mycobacterial diseases in primary immunodeficiencies. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2001; 1: 503511.
  • 3
    Winter SM, Bernard EM, Gold JW, Armstrong D. Humoral response to disseminated infection by Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and hairy cell leukemia. J Infect Dis 1985; 151: 523527.
  • 4
    Balabanian K, Lagane B, Pablos JL et al. WHIM syndromes with different genetic anomalies are accounted for by impaired CXCR4 desensitization to CXCL12. Blood 2005; 105: 24492457.
  • 5
    Diaz GA, Gulino AV. WHIM syndrome: a defect in CXCR4 signaling. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2005; 5: 350355.
  • 6
    Gorlin RJ, Gelb B, Diaz GA, Lofsness KG, Pittelkow MR, Fenyk JR Jr. WHIM syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder: clinical, hematological, and molecular studies. Am J Med Genet 2000; 91: 368376.
  • 7
    Gulino AV, Moratto D, Sozzani S et al. Altered leukocyte response to CXCL12 in patients with warts hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome. Blood 2004; 104: 444452.
  • 8
    Hernandez PA, Gorlin RJ, Lukens JN et al. Mutations in the chemokine receptor gene CXCR4 are associated with WHIM syndrome, a combined immunodeficiency disease. Nat Genet 2003; 34: 7074.
  • 9
    Kawai T, Choi U, Whiting-Theobald NL et al. Enhanced function with decreased internalization of carboxy-terminus truncated CXCR4 responsible for WHIM syndrome. Exp Hematol 2005; 33: 460468.
  • 10
    Balabanian K, Levoye A, Klemm L et al. Leukocyte analysis from WHIM syndrome patients reveals a pivotal role for GRK3 in CXCR4 signaling. J Clin Invest 2008; 118: 10741084.
  • 11
    Zonios DI, Falloon J, Bennett JE et al. Idiopathic CD4+  lymphocytopenia: natural history and prognostic factors. Blood 2008; 112: 287294.
  • 12
    Johnston A, Coyle L, Nevell D. Prolonged remission of refractory lymphomatoid granulomatosis after autologous hemopoietic stem cell transplantation with post-transplantation maintenance interferon. Leuk Lymphoma 2006; 47: 323328.
  • 13
    Wilson WH, Kingma DW, Raffeld M, Wittes RE, Jaffe ES. Association of lymphomatoid granulomatosis with Epstein-Barr viral infection of b lymphocytes and response to interferon-alpha 2b. Blood 1996; 87: 45314537.