SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Tseng RK, Chen HY, Hong CB. Influenza virus infections in Taiwan from 1979 to 1995. Jpn J Med Sci Biol 1996; 49: 7793.
  • 2
    Lin JH, Chiu SC, Shaw MW et al. Characterization of the epidemic influenza B viruses isolated during 2004-2005 season in Taiwan. Virus Res 2007; 124: 204211.
  • 3
    Buonagurio DA, Nakada S, Parvin JD, Krystal M, Palese P, Fitch WM. Evolution of human influenza A viruses over 50 years: rapid, uniform rate of change in ns gene. Science 1986; 232: 980982.
  • 4
    Lin YP, Gregory V, Bennett M, Hay A. Recent changes among human influenza viruses. Virus Res 2004; 103: 4752.
  • 5
    Ghedin E, Sengamalay NA, Shumway M et al. Large-scale sequencing of human influenza reveals the dynamic nature of viral genome evolution. Nature 2005; 437: 11621166.
  • 6
    Holmes EC, Ghedin E, Miller N et al. Whole-genome analysis of human influenza A virus reveals multiple persistent lineages and reassortment among recent H3N2 viruses. PLoS Biol 2005; 3: e300.
  • 7
    Nelson MI, Simonsen L, Viboud C, Miller MA, Holmes EC. Phylogenetic analysis reveals the global migration of seasonal influenza A viruses. PLoS Pathog 2007; 3: 12201228.
  • 8
    Song MS, Pascua PN, Lee JH et al. The polymerase acidic protein gene of influenza a virus contributes to pathogenicity in a mouse model. J Virol 2009; 83: 1232512335.
  • 9
    Watanabe T, Watanabe S, Shinya K, Kim JH, Hatta M, Kawaoka Y. Viral RNA polymerase complex promotes optimal growth of 1918 virus in the lower respiratory tract of ferrets. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2009; 106: 588592.
  • 10
    Enami K, Qiao Y, Fukuda R, Enami M. An influenza virus temperature-sensitive mutant defective in the nuclear-cytoplasmic transport of the negative-sense viral RNAs. Virology 1993; 194: 822827.
  • 11
    Smeenk CA, Brown EG. The influenza virus variant A/FM/1/47-MA possesses single amino acid replacements in the hemagglutinin, controlling virulence, and in the matrix protein, controlling virulence as well as growth. J Virol 1994; 68: 530534.
  • 12
    Yasuda J, Bucher DJ, Ishihama A. Growth control of influenza A virus by M1 protein: analysis of transfectant viruses carrying the chimeric M gene. J Virol 1994; 68: 81418146.
  • 13
    Yasuda J, Toyoda T, Nakayama M, Ishihama A. Regulatory effects of matrix protein variations on influenza virus growth. Arch Virol 1993; 133: 283294.
  • 14
    Murphy BR, Buckler-White AJ, London WT, Snyder MH. Characterization of the M protein and nucleoprotein genes of an avian influenza A virus which are involved in host range restriction in monkeys. Vaccine 1989; 7: 557561.
  • 15
    Clements ML, Subbarao EK, Fries LF, Karron RA, London WT, Murphy BR. Use of single-gene reassortant viruses to study the role of avian influenza A virus genes in attenuation of wild-type human influenza A virus for squirrel monkeys and adult human volunteers. J Clin Microbiol 1992; 30: 655662.
  • 16
    Daum LT, Shaw MW, Klimov AI et al. Influenza A (H3N2) outbreak, Nepal. Emerg Infect Dis 2005; 11: 11861191.
  • 17
    Felsenstein J. Using the quantitative genetic threshold model for inferences between and within species. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2005; 360: 14271434.
  • 18
    Schmidt HA, Strimmer K, Vingron M, von Haeseler A. Tree-puzzle: maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis using quartets and parallel computing. Bioinformatics 2002; 18: 502504.
  • 19
    Pond SL, Frost SD, Muse SV. Hyphy: hypothesis testing using phylogenies. Bioinformatics 2005; 21: 676679.
  • 20
    Kendal AP, Joseph JM, Kobayashi G et al. Laboratory-based surveillance of influenza virus in the united states during the winter of 1977-1978. I. Periods of prevalence of H1N1 and H3N2 influenza A strains, their relative rates of isolation in different age groups, and detection of antigenic variants. Am J Epidemiol 1979; 110: 449461.
  • 21
    Kendal AP, Lee DT, Parish HS, Raines D, Noble GR, Dowdle WR. Laboratory-based surveillance of influenza virus in the united states during the winter of 1977–1978. II. Isolation of a mixture of A/Victoria- and A/USSR-like viruses from a single person during an epidemic in Wyoming, USA, January 1978. Am J Epidemiol 1979; 110: 462468.
  • 22
    Hurt AC, Ernest J, Deng YM et al. Emergence and spread of oseltamivir-resistant A(H1N1) influenza viruses in Oceania, South East Asia and South Africa. Antiviral Res 2009; 83: 9093.
  • 23
    Chen R, Holmes EC. Avian influenza virus exhibits rapid evolutionary dynamics. Mol Biol Evol 2006; 23: 23362341.
  • 24
    Suzuki Y. Natural selection on the influenza virus genome. Mol Biol Evol 2006; 23: 19021911.
  • 25
    Horimoto T, Kawaoka Y. Influenza: lessons from past pandemics, warnings from current incidents. Nat Rev Microbiol 2005; 3: 591600.
  • 26
    Wiley DC, Wilson IA, Skehel JJ. Structural identification of the antibody-binding sites of Hong Kong influenza haemagglutinin and their involvement in antigenic variation. Nature 1981; 289: 373378.
  • 27
    Gulati U, Hwang CC, Venkatramani L et al. Antibody epitopes on the neuraminidase of a recent H3N2 influenza virus (A/Memphis/31/98). J Virol 2002; 76: 1227412280.
  • 28
    Lu B, Zhou H, Ye D, Kemble G, Jin H. Improvement of influenza A/Fujian/411/02 (H3N2) virus growth in embryonated chicken eggs by balancing the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase activities, using reverse genetics. J Virol 2005; 79: 67636771.
  • 29
    Xu X, Cox NJ, Bender CA, Regnery HL, Shaw MW. Genetic variation in neuraminidase genes of influenza A (H3N2) viruses. Virology 1996; 224: 175183.
  • 30
    Lindstrom SE, Hiromoto Y, Nerome R et al. Phylogenetic analysis of the entire genome of influenza A (H3N2) viruses from Japan: evidence for genetic reassortment of the six internal genes. J Virol 1998; 72: 80218031.
  • 31
    Furuse Y, Suzuki A, Kamigaki T, Shimizu M, Fuji N, Oshitani H. Reversion of influenza A (H3N2) virus from amantadine resistant to amantadine sensitive by further reassortment in Japan during the 2006-to-2007 influenza season. J Clin Microbiol 2009; 47: 841844.
  • 32
    Nelson MI, Edelman L, Spiro DJ et al. Molecular epidemiology of A/H3N2 and A/H1N1 influenza virus during a single epidemic season in the United States. PLoS Pathog 2008; 4: e1000133.
  • 33
    Simonsen L, Viboud C, Grenfell BT et al. The genesis and spread of reassortment human influenza A/H3N2 viruses conferring adamantane resistance. Mol Biol Evol 2007; 24: 18111820.
  • 34
    Honda A, Mizumoto K, Ishihama A. Minimum molecular architectures for transcription and replication of the influenza virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2002; 99: 1316613171.
  • 35
    Perales B, Sanz-Ezquerro JJ, Gastaminza P et al. The replication activity of influenza virus polymerase is linked to the capacity of the PA subunit to induce proteolysis. J Virol 2000; 74: 13071312.
  • 36
    Regan JF, Liang Y, Parslow TG. Defective assembly of influenza A virus due to a mutation in the polymerase subunit PA. J Virol 2006; 80: 252261.
  • 37
    Fodor E, Crow M, Mingay LJ et al. A single amino acid mutation in the PA subunit of the influenza virus RNA polymerase inhibits endonucleolytic cleavage of capped RNAs. J Virol 2002; 76: 89899001.
  • 38
    Hara K, Schmidt FI, Crow M, Brownlee GG. Amino acid residues in the N-terminal region of the PA subunit of influenza A virus RNA polymerase play a critical role in protein stability, endonuclease activity, cap binding, and virion RNA promoter binding. J Virol 2006; 80: 77897798.