• 1
    Pitout JD. Infections with extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: changing epidemiology and drug treatment choices. Drugs2010; 70: 313333.
  • 2
    Schwaber MJ, Carmeli Y. Mortality and delay in effective therapy associated with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase production in Enterobacteriaceae bacteraemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Antimicrob Chemother2007; 60: 913920.
  • 3
    Pfaller MA, Segreti J. Overview of the epidemiological profile and laboratory detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. Clin Infect Dis2006; 4: S153S163.
  • 4
    Dallenne C, Da Costa A, Decré D et al. Development of a set of multiplex PCR assays for the detection of genes encoding important β-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae. J Antimicrob Chemother2010; 65: 490495.
  • 5
    Stuart JC, Dierikx C, Naiemi NA et al. Rapid detection of TEM, SHV and CTX-M extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae using ligation-mediated amplification with microarray analysis. J Antimicrob Chemother2010; 65: 13771381.
  • 6
    Pitout JD, Hossain A, Hanson ND. Phenotypic and molecular detection of CTX-M-beta lactamases produced by Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. J Clin Microbiol2004; 42: 57155721.
  • 7
    Shapiro HM. Multiparameter flow cytometry of bacteria: implications for diagnostics and therapeutics. Cytometry2001; 43: 223226.
  • 8
    Barbosa J, Costa-de-Oliveira S, Rodrigues AG et al. Optimization of a flow cytometry protocol for detection and viability assessment of Giardia lamblia. Travel Med Infect Dis2008; 6: 234239.
  • 9
    Pina-Vaz C, Sansonett F, Rodrigues AG et al. Susceptibility to fluconazole of Candida clinical isolates determined by FUN-1 staining with flow cytometry and epifluorescence microscopy. J Med Microbiol2001; 50: 375382.
  • 10
    Pina-Vaz C, Costa-de-Oliveira S, Rodrigues AG et al. Comparison of two probes for testing susceptibilities of pathogenic yeasts to voriconazole, itraconazole, and caspofungin by flow cytometry. J Clin Microbiol2005; 43: 46744679.
  • 11
    Pina-Vaz C, Costa-de-Oliveira S, Rodrigues AG et al. Safe susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by flow cytometry with the fluorescent nucleic acid stain SYTO, 16. J Med Microbiol2005; 54: 7781.
  • 12
    Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing; 21th Informational Supplement. CLSI document M100-S21. Wayne, PA: Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 2011.
  • 13
    Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Performance standard for antimicrobial disk susceptibility tests. M2-A10. Wayne, PA: CLSI, 2009.
  • 14
    Espinar MJ, Rocha R, Ribeiro M et al. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae screened by VITEK 2 System. J Med Microbiol2011; 60: 756760.
  • 15
    Miles AA, Misra SS. The estimation of the bactericidal power of the blood. J Hyg1938; 38: 732749.
  • 16
    Drawz SM, Bonomo RA. Three Decades of Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors. Clin Microbiol Rev2010; 23: 160201.
  • 17
    Cantón R, Morosini MI, de la Maza OM, de la Pedrosa EG. IRT and CMT beta-lactamases and inhibitor resistance. Clin Microbiol Infect2008; 14 (suppl 1): 5362.
  • 18
    Philippon A, Arlet G, Jacoby GA. Plasmid-determined AmpC-type beta-lactamases. Antimicrob Agents Chemother2002; 46: 111.
  • 19
    Walberg M, Gaustad P, Steen HB. Rapid assessment of ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, and gentamicin susceptibility in exponentially-growing E. coli by means of flow cytometry. Cytometry1997; 27: 169178.
  • 20
    Jepras RI, Paul FE, Pearson SC et al. Rapid assessment of antibiotic effects on Escherichia coli by bis-(1,3-Dibutylbarbituric acid) trimethine oxonnol and flow cytometry. Antimicrob Agents Chemother1997; 41: 20012005.
  • 21
    Jernaes MW, Steen HB. Staining of Escherichia coli for flow cytometry: influx and efflux of ethidium bromide. Cytometry1994; 17: 302309.
  • 22
    Gauthier C, St-Pierre Y, Villemur R. Rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing of urinary tract isolates and samples by flow cytometry. J Med Microbiol2002; 51: 192200.
  • 23
    Mortimer FC, Mason DJ, Gant VA. Flow Cytometric monitoring of antibiotic-induced injury in Escherichia coli using cell-impermeant fluorescent probes. Antimicrob Agents Chemother2000; 44: 676681.
  • 24
    Roth BL, Poot M, Yue ST et al. Bacterial viability and antibiotic susceptibility testing with SYTOX green nucleic acid stain. Appl Environ Microbiol1997; 63: 24212431.
  • 25
    Walberg M, Gaustad P, Steen HB. Rapid flow cytometric assessment of meticillin and ampicillin bacterial susceptibility. J Antimicrob Chemother1996; 37: 10631075.