SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bailey, S.A., Haines-Young, R. & Watkins, C. (2002). Species presence in fragmented landscapes: modelling of species requirements at the national level. Biol. Conserv. 108, 307316.
  • Bank of Tanzania. (2007). Tanzania tourism sector survey: The 2005 international visitors' exit survey report Dar es Salaam.
  • Boitani, L., Corsi, F., De Biase, A., D'Inzillo Carranza, I., Ravagli, M., Reggiani, G., Sinibaldi, I. & Trapanese, P. (1999). A databank for the conservation and management of the African mammals. Istituto di Ecologia Applicata, Roma.
  • Brotons, L., Thuiller, W., Araujo, M.B. & Hirzel, A. (2004). Presence–absence versus presence-only modeling methods for predicting bird habitat suitability. Ecography 27, 437448.
  • Cardillo, M., Purvis, A., Sechrest, W., Gittleman, J.L., Bielby, J. & Mace, G.M. (2004). Human population density and extinction risk in the World's carnivores. PLoS Biol. 2, 909914.
  • Chefaoui, R.M., Hortal, J. & Lobo, J.M. (2005). Potential distribution modelling, niche characterization and conservation status assessment using GIS tools: a case study of Iberian Copris species. Biol. Conserv. 122, 327338.
  • Crooks, K.R. (2002). Relative sensitivities of mammalian carnivores to habitat fragmentation. Conserv. Biol. 16, 488502.
  • Cutler, T.L. & Swann, D.E. (1999). Using remote photography in wildlife ecology: a review. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 27, 571581.
  • De Luca, D.W. & Mpunga, N.E. (2005). Small carnivores of the Udzungwa Mountains: presence, distributions and threats. Small Carn. Conserv. 32, 17.
  • Estes, R.D. (1991). The behavior guide to African Mammals. USA: The University of California Press.
  • Fielding, A.H. & Bell, J.F. (1997). A review of methods for the assessment of prediction errors in conservation presence/absence models. Environ. Conserv. 24, 3849.
  • Gittleman, J.L., Funk, S.M., Macdonald, D. & Wayne, R.K. (2001). Carnivore conservation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hilty, J.A., Brooks, C., Heaton, E. & Merenlender, A.M. (2006). Forecasting the effect of land-use change on native and non-native mammalian predator distributions. Biodivers. Conserv. 15, 28532871.
  • Hirzel, A.H., Hausser, J., Chessel, D. & Perrin, N. (2002). Ecological-niche factor analysis: how to compute habitat suitability maps without presence data? Ecology 83, 20272036.
  • Hirzel, A.H., Hausser, J. & Perrin, N. (2004). Biomapper 3.1. Bern: Division of Conservation Biology, University of Bern. Available at http://www.unil.ch/biomapper (accessed 8 September 2009).
  • Hirzel, A.H., Le Lay, G., Helfer, V., Randin, C. & Guisan, A. (2006). Evaluating the ability of habitat suitability models to predict species presences. Ecol. Model. 199, 142152.
  • Hulme, M., Doherty, R., Ngara, T., New, M. & Lister, D. (2001). African climate change: 1900–2100. Clim. Res. 17, 145168.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2001). Climate change 2001. Synthesis report. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Jackson, D.A. (1993). Stopping rules in principal component analysis: a comparison of heuristical and statistical approaches. Ecology 74, 22042214.
  • Karanth, K.U. (1995). Estimating tiger Panthera tigris populations from camera trap data using capture–recapture models. Biol. Conserv. 71, 333338.
  • Karanth, K.U., Chundawat, R.S., Nichols, J.D. & Kumar, N.S. (2004). Estimation of tiger densities in the tropical dry forests of Panna, Central India, using photographic capture–recapture sampling. Anim. Conserv. 7, 285290.
  • Kauffman, M.J., Sanjayan, M., Lowenstein, J., Nelson, A., Jeo, R.M. & Crooks, K.R. (2007). Remote camera-trap methods and analyses reveal impacts of rangeland management on Namibian carnivore communities. Oryx 41, 7078.
  • Kerr, J.T. & Currie, D.J. (1995). Effects of human activity on global extinction risk. Conserv. Biol. 9, 15281538.
  • Kingdon, J. (1997). The Kingdon field guide to African mammals. London: A & C Black.
  • Mace, G.M. & Baillie, J.E.M. (2007). The 2010 biodiversity indicators: challenges for Science and Policy. Conserv. Biol. 21, 14061413.
  • MacKenzie, D.I., Nichols, J.D., Royle, J.A., Pollock, K.H., Hines, J.E. & Bailey, L.L. (2005). Occupancy estimation and modeling: inferring patterns and dynamics of species occurrence. San Diego, USA: Elsevier.
  • Michalski, F., Boulhosa, R.L.P., Faria, A. & Peres, C.A. (2006). Human–wildlife conflicts in a fragmented Amazonian forest landscape: determinants of large felid depredation on livestock. Anim. Conserv. 9, 179188.
  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: biodiversity synthesis. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.
  • Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., Da Fonseca, G.A.B. & Kent, J. (2000). Biodiversity Hotspots for Conservation Priorities. Nature 403, 853858.
  • Naeem, S., Chapin, C.F.S. III, Costanza, R., Ehrlich, P.R., Golley, F.B., Hooper, D.U., Lawton, J.H., O'Neill, R.V., Mooney, H.A., Sala, O.E., Symstad, A.J. & Tilman, D. (1999). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: maintaining natural life support processes. Ecol. Issues 4, 114.
  • Noss, R.F. (1990). Indicators for monitoring biodiversity: a hierarchical approach. Conserv. Biol. 4, 355364.
  • Nowak, R.M. (2005). Walker's carnivores of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
  • Ottaviani, D., Lasinio, G.J. & Boitani, L. (2004). Two statistical methods to validate habitat suitability models using presence-only data. Ecol. Modelling 179, 417443.
  • Pereira, H.M. & Cooper, H.D. (2006). Towards the global monitoring of biodiversity change. TREE 21, 123129.
  • Rodriguez, J.P. (2003). Challenges and opportunities for surveying and monitoring tropical biodiversity – a response to Danielsen et al. Oryx 37, 411.
  • Sala, O.E., Chapin, F.S., Armesto, J.J., Berlow, E., Bloomfield, J., Dirzo, R., Huber-Sanwald, E., Huenneke, L.F., Jackson, R.B., Kinzig, A., Leemans, R., Lodge, D.M., Mooney, H.A., Oesterheld, M., Poff, N.L., Sykes, M.T., Walker, B.H., Walker, M. & Wall, D.H. (2000). Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287, 17701774.
  • Santos, X., Brito, J.C., Sillero, N., Pleguezuelos, J.M., Llorente, G., Fahd, S. & Parellada, X. (2006). Inferring habitat-suitability areas with ecological modelling techniques and GIS: a contribution to assess the conservation status of Vipera latastei. Biol. Conserv. 130, 416425.
  • Sattler, T., Bontadina, F., Hirzel, A.H. & Arlettaz, R. (2007). Ecological niche modelling of two cryptic bat species calls for a reassessment of their conservation status. J. Appl. Ecol. 44, 11881199.
  • Silveira, L., Jacomo, A.T.A. & Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. (2003). Camera trap, line transect census and track surveys: a comparative evaluation. Biol. Conserv. 114, 351355.
  • TAWIRI. (2006a). Proceedings of the 1st Tanzania Cheetah Conservation Action Plan Workshop. 15 September 2005, Tanzania Carnivore Unit, TAWIRI, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • TAWIRI. (2006b). Proceedings of the 1st Tanzania Wild Dog Workshop. 18–19 February 2005, Tanzania Carnivore Unit, TAWIRI, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • TAWIRI. (2007a). Proceedings of the 1st Tanzania Lion and Leopard Conservation Action Plan Workshop. 20–22 February 2006, Tanzania Carnivore Unit, TAWIRI, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • TAWIRI. (2007b). Proceedings of the 1st Tanzania Small Carnivore Conservation Action Plan Workshop. 19–21 April 2006, Tanzania Carnivore Unit, TAWIRI, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • TAWIRI. (2007c). Proceedings of the 1st Tanzania Hyaena Conservation Action Plan Workshop. 23–24 February 2006, Tanzania Carnivore Unit, TAWIRI, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Taylor, M.E. (1987). Bdeogale crassicauda. Mammal. Sp. 294, 14.
  • Thirgood, S.J., Mduma, S.A.R., Keyyu, J.D. & Laurenson, M.K. (2007). The value of long-term research: conservation science and practice in Tanzania. Conserv. Biol. 21, 576579.
  • United Nations Environment Programme. (2001). The Integration of Biodiversity into National Environmental Assessment Procedures: Tanzania. Biodiversity Planning Support Programme, Available at http://www.unep.org/bpsp/EIA/Case%20Studies/Tanzania%20(EIA).pdf (accessed 8 September 2009).
  • United Republic of Tanzania. (2003). 2002 Population and housing census general. Dar es salaam, Tanzania: United Republic of Tanzania. Available at http://www.tanzania.go.tz/census/census/reports.htm (accessed 8 September 2009).
  • Woodroffe, R. (2000). Predators and people: using human densities to interpret declines of large carnivores. Anim. Conserv. 3, 165173.