*Current address: Department of Biology, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ 08628, USA.
Energetic response to human disturbance in an endangered songbird
Article first published online: 10 MAR 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Animal Conservation © 2011 The Zoological Society of London
Volume 14, Issue 5, pages 484–491, October 2011
How to Cite
Bisson, I.-A., Butler, L. K., Hayden, T. J., Kelley, P., Adelman, J. S., Romero, L. M. and Wikelski, M. C. (2011), Energetic response to human disturbance in an endangered songbird. Animal Conservation, 14: 484–491. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2011.00447.x
Editor: Todd Katzner
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 10 MAR 2011
- Received 23 December 2010; accepted 19 January 2011
Appendix S1. Relationship between heart rate (fH;BPM) and energy expenditure (kJ/day) of three Black-capped Vireos. The regression equation is VO2 = 0.446 fH + 11.3, r2 = 0.837. Heart rate calibrations were performed between 0700 h and 2230 h (local time).
Appendix S2. a) Mean energy expenditure (±SE) and b) heart rate (±SE) during the control no-disturbance trial (day 1), and in response to a 4-h chase disturbance experiment (700 h-1100 h local time, day 2). a) Time is shown as time from the start of the disturbance (hour 0) to the end (hour 4). b) The first asterisk indicates the start of the disturbance and the following asterisks indicate the change in observer for the chase experiment.
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