SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Achilli, A., Rengo, C., Magri, C. et al. (2004) The molecular dissection of mtDNA haplogroup H confirms that the Franco-Cantabrian glacial refuge was a major source for the European gene pool. Am J Hum Genet 75, 910918.
  • Andrews, R. M., Kubacka, I., Chinnery, P. F., Lightowlers, R. N., Turnbull, D. M. & Howell, N. (1999) Reanalysis and revision of the Cambridge reference sequence for human mitochondrial DNA. Nat Genet 23, 147.
  • Baasner, A., Schafer, C., Junge, A. & Madea, B. (1998) Polymorphic sites in human mitochondrial DNA control region sequences: population data and maternal inheritance. Forensic Science International 98, 169178.
  • Barbujani, G. & Sokal, R. R. (1990) Zones of sharp genetic change in Europe are also linguistic boundaries. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 87, 18161819.
  • Beckman, L., Sikstrom, C., Mikelsaar, A. V., Krumina, A., Ambrasiene, D., Kučinskas, V. & Beckman, G. (1998) Transferrin variants as markers of migrations and admixture between populations in the Baltic Sea region. Hum Hered 48, 185191.
  • Beckman, L., Sikstrom, C., Mikelsaar, A., Krumina, A., Kučinskas, V. & Beckman, G. (1999) alpha1-antitrypsin (PI) alleles as markers of West European influence in the Baltic Sea region. Hum Hered 49, 5255.
  • Belyaeva, O., Bermisheva, M., Khrunin, A., Slominsky, P., Bebyakova, N., Khusnutdinova, E., Mikulich, A. & Limborska, S. (2003) Mitochondrial DNA variations in Russian and Belorussian populations. Hum Biol 75, 647660.
  • Bermisheva, M., Tambets, K., Villems, R. & Khusnutdinova, E. (2002) Diversity of mitochondrial DNA haplotypes in ethnic populations of the Volga-Ural region of Russia. Mol Biol (Mosk) 36, 9901001.
  • Brown, W. M. (1980) Polymorphism in mitochondrial DNA of humans as revealed by restriction endonuclease analysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77, 36053609.
  • Cali, F., Le Roux, M. G., D'Anna, R., Flugy, A., De Leo, G., Chiavetta, V., Ayala, G. F. & Romano, V. (2001) MtDNA control region and RFLP data for Sicily and France. Int J Legal Med 114, 229231.
  • Cann, R. L., Stoneking, M. & Wilson, A. C. (1987) Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution. Nature 325, 3136.
  • Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., Menozzi, P. & Piazza, A. (1994) The history and geography of human genes. Princeton University Press, Princeton , NJ .
  • Coble, M. D., Just, R. S., O'Callaghan, J. E., Letmanyi, I. H., Peterson, C. T., Irwin, J. A. & Parsons, T. J. (2004) Single nucleotide polymorphisms over the entire mtDNA genome that increase the power of forensic testing in Caucasians. Int J Legal Med 118, 137146.
  • Comas, D., Calafell, F., Mateu, E. et al. (1998) Trading genes along the silk road: mtDNA sequences and the origin of Central Asian populations. Am J Hum Genet 63, 18241838.
  • Crespillo, M., Luque, J. A., Paredes, M., Fernandez, R., Ramirez, E. & Valverde, J. L. (2000) Mitochondrial DNA sequences for 118 individuals from northeastern Spain. Int J Legal Med 114, 130132.
  • Danan, C., Sternberg, D., Van Steirteghem, A. et al. (1999) Evaluation of parental mitochondrial inheritance in neonates born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Am J Hum Genet 65, 463473.
  • Derbeneva, O. A., Starikovskaia, E. B., Volod'ko, N. V., Wallace, D. C. & Sukernik, R. I. (2002a) [Mitochondrial DNA variation in Kets and Nganasans and the early peoples of Northern Eurasia]. Genetika 38, 15541560.
  • Derbeneva, O. A., Starikovskaya, E. B., Wallace, D. C. & Sukernik, R. I. (2002b) Traces of early Eurasians in the Mansi of northwest Siberia revealed by mitochondrial DNA analysis. Am J Hum Genet 70, 10091114.
  • Derenko, M. V., Grzybowski, T., Malyarchuk, B. A. et al. (2003) Diversity of mitochondrial DNA lineages in South Siberia. Ann Hum Genet 67, 391411.
  • Dimo-Simonin, N., Grange, F., Taroni, F., Brandt-Casadevall, C. & Mangin, P. (2000) Forensic evaluation of mtDNA in a population from south west Switzerland. Int J Legal Med 113, 8997.
  • Dolukhanov, P. M. (2000) Prehistor c revolutions and languages in Europe. In Künnap, A. (eds) The roots of peoples and languages of North Eurasia: II and III. Tartu University Press, Division of Uralic Languages, Societas Historial Fenno-Ugricae , Tartu , pp. 7184.
  • Dubut, V., Chollet, L., Murail, P., Cartault, F., Beraud-Colomb, E., Serre, M. & Mogentale-Profizi, N. (2004) mtDNA polymorphisms in five French groups: importance of regional sampling. Eur J Hum Genet 12, 293300.
  • Eisensmith, R. C., Goltsov, A. A., O'Neill, C. et al. (1995) Recurrence of the R408W mutation in the phenylalanine hydroxylase locus in Europeans. Am J Hum Genet 56, 278286.
  • Excoffier, L., Smouse, P. E. & Quattro, J. M. (1992) Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distancesamong DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics 131, 479491.
  • Finnilä, S., Lehtonen, M. S. & Majamaa, K. (2001) Phylogenetic network for European mtDNA. Am J Hum Genet 68, 14751484.
  • Gimbutas, M. (1994) The Balts. Thames and Hudson, London .
  • Gray, R. D. & Atkinson, Q. D. (2003) Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin. Nature 426, 435439.
  • Helgason, A., Sigurdadottir, S., Gulcher, J., Ward, R. & Stefanson, K. (2000) mtDNA and the origins of the Icelanders: deciphering signals of recent population history. Am J Hum Genet 66, 9991016.
  • Helgason, A., Hickey, E., Goodacre, S., Bosnes, V., Stefansson, K., Ward, R. & Sykes, B. (2001) mtDNA and the islands of the North Atlantic: estimating the proportions of Norse and Gaelic ancestry. Am J Hum Genet 68, 723737.
  • Herrnstadt, C., Elson, J. L., Fahy, E. et al. (2002) Reduced-median-network analysis of complete mitochondrial DNA coding-region sequences for the major African, Asian, and European haplogroups. Am J Hum Genet 70, 11521171.
  • Hofmann, S., Jaksch, M., Bezold, R., Mertens, S., Aholt, S., Paprotta, A. & Gerbitz, K. D. (1997) Population genetics and disease susceptibility: characterization of central European haplogroups by mtDNA gene mutations, correlation with D loop variants and association with disease. Hum Mol Genet 6, 18351846.
  • Howell, N., Oostra, R. J., Bolhuis, P. A., Spruijt, L., Clarke, L. A., Mackey, D. A., Preston, G. & Herrnstadt, C. (2003) Sequence analysis of the mitochondrial genomes from dutch pedigrees with leber hereditary optic neuropathy. Am J Hum Genet 72, 14601469.
  • Ingman, M., Kaessmann, H., Pääbo, S. & Gyllensten, U. (2000) Mitochondrial genome variation and the origin of modern humans. Nature 408, 708713.
  • Karafet, T. M., Osipova, L. P., Gubina, M. A., Posukh, O. L., Zegura, S. L. & Hammer, M. F. (2002) High levels of Y-chromosome differentiation among native Siberian populations and the genetic signature of a boreal hunter-gatherer way of life. Hum Biol 74, 761789.
  • Kasnauskiene, J., Giannattasio, S., Lattanzio, P., Cimbalistiene, L. & Kučinskas, V. (2003) The molecular basis of phenylketonuria in Lithuania. Hum Mutat 21, 398.
  • Kasperavičiūtė, D., Kučinskas, V. & Stoneking, M. (2004) Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA variation in Lithuanians. Ann Hum Genet 68, 438452.
  • Kittles, R. A., Bergen, A. W., Urbanek, M., Virkkunen, M., Linnoila, M., Goldman, D. & Long, J. C. (1999) Autosomal, mitochondrial, and Y chromosome DNA variation in Finland: evidence for a male-specific bottleneck. Am J Phys Anthropol 108, 381399.
  • Kivisild, T., Tolk, H.-V., Parik, J., Wang, Y., Papiha, S. S., Bandelt, H.-J. & Villems, R. (2002) The emerging limbs and twigs of the East Asian mtDNA tree. Mol Biol Evol 19, 17371751 (erratum 20:162).
  • Krumina, A., Kroshkina, V. & Krumina, L. (2001) Cystic fibrosis mutation dF508 in the Latvian population. Proceedings of Riga Stradins University, 161166.
  • Kučinskas, V. (1994) Human mitochondrial DNA variation in Lithuania. Anthropol Anz 52, 289295.
  • Kučinskas, V. (2001) Population genetics of Lithuanians. Ann Hum Biol 28, 114.
  • Lahermo, P., Sajantila, A., Sistonen, P., Lukka, M., Aula, P., Peltonen, L. & Savontaus, M. L. (1996) The genetic relationship between the Finns and the Finnish Saami (Lapps): analysis of nuclear DNA and mtDNA. Am J Hum Genet 58, 13091322.
  • Lahermo, P., Savontaus, M. L., Sistonen, P., Beres, J., De Knijff, P., Aula, P. & Sajantila, A. (1999) Y chromosomal polymorphisms reveal founding lineages in the Finns and the Saami. Eur J Hum Genet 7, 447458.
  • Laitinen, V., Lahermo, P., Sistonen, P. & Savontaus, M. L. (2002) Y-chromosomal diversity suggests that Baltic males share common Finno-Ugric-speaking forefathers. Hum Hered 53, 6878.
  • Larruga, J. M., Diez, F., Pinto, F. M., Flores, C. & Gonzalez, A. M. (2001) Mitochondrial DNA characterisation of European isolates: the Maragatos from Spain. Eur J Hum Genet 9, 708716.
  • Levin, B. C., Cheng, H. & Reeder, D. J. (1999) A human mitochondrial DNA standard reference material for quality control in forensic identification, medical diagnosis, and mutation detection. Genomics 55, 135146.
  • Lilleväli, H., Õunap, K. & Metspalu, A. (1996) Phenylalanine hydroxylase gene mutation R408W is present on 84% of Estonian phenylketonuria chromosomes. Eur J Hum Genet 4, 296300.
  • Loogväli, E. L., Roostalu, U., Malyarchuk, B. A. et al. (2004) Disuniting Uniformity: A Pied Cladistic Canvas of mtDNA Haplogroup H in Eurasia. Mol Biol Evol 21, 20122021.
  • Lutz, S., Weisser, H. J., Heizmann, J. & Pollak, S. (1998) Location and frequency of polymorphic positions in the mtDNA control region of individuals from Germany. Int J Legal Med 111, 6777.
  • Maca-Meyer, N., González, A. M., Larruga, J. M., Flores, C. & Cabrera, V. M. (2001) Major genomic mitochondrial lineages delineate early human expansions. BMC Genet 2, 13.
  • Macaulay, V. A., Richards, M. B., Hickey, E., Vega, E., Cruciani, F., Guida, V., Scozzari, R., Bonné-Tamir, B., Sykes, B. & Torroni, A. (1999) The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: a synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs. Am J Hum Genet 64, 232249.
  • Malyarchuk, B. A. & Derenko, M. V. (2001) Mitochondrial DNA variability in Russians and Ukrainians: Implications to the origin of the Eastern Slavs. Ann Hum Genet 65, 6378.
  • Malyarchuk, B. A., Grzybowski, T., Derenko, M. V., Czarny, J., Wozniak, M. & Miscicka-Sliwka, D. (2002) Mitochondrial DNA variability in Poles and Russians. Ann Hum Genet 66, 261283.
  • Malyarchuk, B. A., Grzybowski, T., Derenko, M. V., Czarny, J., Drobnic, K., Miscicka-Sliwka, D. (2003) Mitochondrial DNA variability in Bosnians and Slovenians. Ann Hum Genet 67, 412425.
  • Malyarchuk, B. A. (2004) [Differentiation of the mitochondrial subhaplogroup U4 in the populations of Eastern Europe, Ural, and Western Siberia: implication to the genetic history of the Uralic populations]. Genetika 40, 15491556.
  • Meinilä, M., Finnilä, S. & Majamaa, K. (2001) Evidence for mtDNA admixture between the Finns and the Saami. Hum Hered 52, 160170.
  • Mishmar, D., Ruiz-Pesini, E., Golik, P. et al. (2003) Natural selection shaped regional mtDNA variation in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100, 171176.
  • Mogentale-Profizi, N., Chollet, L., Stevanovitch, A., Dubut, V., Poggi, C., Pradie, M. P., Spadoni, J. L., Gilles, A. & Beraud-Colomb, E. (2001) Mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in two groups of Italian Veneto speakers from Veneto. Ann Hum Genet 65, 153166.
  • Opdal, S. H., Rognum, T. O., Vege, A., Stave, A. K., Dupuy, B. M. & Egeland, T. (1998) Increased number of substitutions in the D-loop of mitochondrial DNA in the sudden infant death syndrome. Acta Paediatr 87, 10391044.
  • Orekhov, V., Poltoraus, A., Zhivotovsky, L. A., Spitsyn, V., Ivanov, P. & Yankovsky, N. (1999) Mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in Russians. FEBS Letters 445, 197201.
  • Palanichamy, M., Sun, C., Agrawal, S., Bandelt, H.-J., Kong, Q.-P., Khan, F., Wang, C.-Y., Chaudhuri, T., Palla, V. & Zhang, Y.-P. (2004) Phylogeny of mtDNA macrohaplogroup N in India based on complete sequencing: implications for the peopling of South Asia. Am J Hum Genet 75, 966978.
  • Passarino, G., Cavalleri, G. L., Lin, A. A., Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., Borresen-Dale, A. L. & Underhill, P. A. (2002) Different genetic components in the Norwegian population revealed by the analysis of mtDNA and Y chromosome polymorphisms. Eur J Hum Genet 10, 521529.
  • Pereira, L., Macaulay, V., Torroni, A., Scozzari, R., Prata, M. J., Amorim, A. (2001) Prehistoric and historic traces in the mtDNA of Mozambique: insights into the Bantu expansions and the slave trade. Ann Hum Genet 65, 439458.
  • Pfeiffer, H., Brinkmann, B., Huhne, J., Rolf, B., Morris, A. A., Steighner, R., Holland, M. M. & Forster, P. (1999) Expanding the forensic German mitochondrial DNA control region database: genetic diversity as a function of sample size and microgeography. Int J Legal Med 112, 291298.
  • Pronina, N., Giannattasio, S., Lattanzio, P., Lugovska, R., Vevere, P. & Kornejeva, A. (2003) The molecular basis of phenylketonuria in Latvia. Hum Mutat 21, 398399.
  • Pult, I., Sajantila, A., Simanainen, J., Georgiev, O., Schaffner, W. & Paabo, S. (1994) Mitochondrial DNA sequences from Switzerland reveal striking homogeneity of European populations. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler 375, 837840.
  • Reid, F. M., Vernham, G. A. & Jacobs, H. T. (1994) Complete mtDNA sequence of a patient in a maternal pedigree with sensorineural deafness. Hum Mol Genet 3, 14351436.
  • Richards, M., Corte-Real, H., Forster, P., Macaulay, V., Wilkinson-Herbots, H., Demaine, A., Papiha, S., Hedges, R., Bandelt, H.-J. & Sykes, B. (1996) Paleolithic and neolithic lineages in the European mitochondrial gene pool. Am J Hum Genet 59, 185203.
  • Richards, M. B., Macaulay, V. A., Bandelt, H.-J. & Sykes, B. C. (1998) Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe. Ann Hum Genet 62, 241260.
  • Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Hickey, E. et al. (2000) Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool. Am J Hum Genet 67, 12511276.
  • Rieder, M. J., Taylor, S. L., Tobe, V. O. & Nickerson, D. A. (1998) Automating the identification of DNA variations using quality-based fluorescence re-sequencing: analysis of the human mitochondrial genome. Nucleic Acids Res 26, 967973.
  • Rootsi, S., Kivisild, T., Tambets, K. et al. (2000) On the phylogeographic context of sex-specific genetic markers of Finno-Ugric populations. In: Künnap, A. (ed) The roots of peoples and languages of Northern Eurasia II and III. University of Tartu. Division of Uralic Languages/Societas Historiae Fenno-Ugricae , Tartu , pp 148164.
  • Rootsi, S., Magri, C., Kivisild, T. et al. (2004) Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup I reveals distinct domains of prehistoric gene flow in Europe. Am J Hum Genet 75, 128137.
  • Rosser, Z. H., Zerjal, T., Hurles, M. E. et al. (2000) Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language. Am J Hum Genet 67, 15261543.
  • Sajantila, A., Lahermo, P., Anttinen, T., Lukka, M., Sistonen, P., Savontaus, M. L., Aula, P., Beckman, L., Tranebjaerg, L., Gedde-Dahl, T., Issel-Tarver, L., DiRienzo, A. & Paabo, S. (1995) Genes and languages in Europe: an analysis of mitochondrial lineages. Genome Res 5, 4252.
  • Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F. & Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual, Second ed. edn. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor , NY .
  • Schneider, S., Roessli, D. & Excoffier, L. (2000) Arlequin version 2.000: a software for population genetics data analysis. University of Geneva, Genetics and Biochemistry laboratory , Geneva .
  • Sistonen, P., Virtaranta-Knowles, K., Denisova, R., Kučinskas, V., Ambrasiene, D. & Beckman, L. (1999) The LWb blood group as a marker of prehistoric Baltic migrations and admixture. Hum Hered 49, 154158.
  • Tagliabracci, A., Turchi, C., Buscemi, L. & Sassaroli, C. (2001) Polymorphism of the mitochondrial DNA control region in Italians. Int J Legal Med 114, 224228.
  • Tambets, K., Tolk, H. V., Kivisild, T. et al. (2003) Complex signals for population expansions in Europe and beyond. In: Bellwood, P., Renfrew, C. (eds) Examining the farming/language dispersal hypothesis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge , pp 449458.
  • Tambets, K., Rootsi, S., Kivisild, T. et al. (2004) The Western and Eastern Roots of the Saami–the Story of Genetic “Outliers” Told by Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosomes. Am J Hum Genet 74, 661682.
  • Tolk, H. V., Peričić, M., Barać, L., Klaric, I. M., Janicijevic, B., Rudan, I., Parik, J., Villems, R. & Rudan, P. (2000) MtDNA haplogroups in the populations of Croatian Adriatic Islands. Coll Antropol 24, 267280.
  • Torroni, A., Schurr, T. G., Cabell, M. F., Brown, M. D., Neel, J. V., Larsen, M., Smith, D. G., Vullo, C. M. & Wallace, D. C. (1993) Asian affinities and continental radiation of the four founding Native American mtDNAs. Am J Hum Genet 53, 563590.
  • Torroni, A., Lott, M. T., Cabell, M. F., Chen, Y. S., Lavergne, L., Wallace, D. C. (1994) mtDNA and the origin of Caucasians: identification of ancient Caucasian- specific haplogroups, one of which is prone to a recurrent somatic duplication in the D-loop region. Am J Hum Genet 55, 760776.
  • Torroni, A., Huoponen, K., Francalacci, P., Petrozzi, M., Morelli, L., Scozzari, R., Obinu, D., Savontaus, M. L. & Wallace, D. C. (1996) Classification of European mtDNAs from an analysis of three European populations. Genetics 144, 18351850.
  • Vigilant, L., Stoneking, M., Harpending, H., Hawkes, K. & Wilson, A. C. (1991) African populations and the evolution of human mitochondrial DNA. Science 253, 15031507.
  • Wallace, D. C., Brown, M. D. & Lott, M. T. (1999) Mitochondrial DNA variation in human evolution and disease. Gene 238, 211230.
  • Werle, E., Schneider, C., Renner, M., Volker, M., Fiehn, W. (1994) Convenient single-step, one tube purification of PCR products for direct sequencing. Nucleic Acids Res. 20, 43544355.
  • Wiik, K. (2002) Eurooppalaisten juuret. Atena, Jyväskylä .
  • Zschocke, J. (2003) Phenylketonuria mutations in Europe. Hum Mutat 21, 345356.
  • Zerjal, T., Beckman, L., Beckman, G., Mikelsaar, A. V., Krumina, A., Kučinskas, V., Hurles, M. E. & Tyler-Smith, C. (2001) Geographical, linguistic, and cultural influences on genetic diversity: Y-chromosomal distribution in Northern European populations. Mol Biol Evol 18, 10771087.
  • Zerjal, T., Dashnyam, B., Pandya, A., Kayser, M., Roewer, L., Santos, F. R., Schiefenhovel, W., Fretwell, N., Jobling, M. A., Harihara, S., Shimizu, K., Semjidmaa, D., Sajantila, A., Salo, P., Crawford, M. H., Ginter, E. K., Evgrafov, O. V. & Tyler-Smith, C. (1997) Genetic relationships of Asians and Northern Europeans, revealed by Y- chromosomal DNA analysis. Am J Hum Genet 60, 11741183.