SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abreu MR, Chung CB, Mendes L, Mohana-Borges A, Trudell D, Resnick D (2003) Plantar calcaneal enthesophytes: new observations regarding sites of origin based on radiographic, MR imaging, anatomic, and paleopathologic analysis. Skeletal Radiol 32, 1321.
  • Abu-Hijleh MF, Harris PF (2007) Deep fascia on the dorsum of the ankle and foot: extensor retinacula revisited. Clin Anat 20, 186195.
  • Athwal GS, Steinmann SP, Rispoli DM (2007) The distal biceps tendon: footprint and relevant clinical anatomy. J Hand Surg [Am] 32, 12251229.
  • Augoff K, Kula J, Gosk J, Rutowski R (2005) Epidermal growth factor in Dupuytren's disease. Plast Reconstr Surg 115, 128133.
  • Augoff K, Ratajczak K, Gosk J, Tabola R, Rutowski R (2006) Gelatinase A activity in Dupuytren's disease. J Hand Surg [Am] 31, 16351639.
  • Badalamente MA, Hurst LC, Hentz VR (2002) Collagen as a clinical target: nonoperative treatment of Dupuytren's disease. J Hand Surg [Am] 27, 788798.
  • Barbagallo M, Novo S, Licata G, Resnick LM (1993) Diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis: pathophysiological role of intracellular ions. Int Angiol 12, 365370.
  • Barker PJ, Briggs CA, Bogeski G (2004) Tensile transmission across the lumbar fasciae in unembalmed cadavers: effects of tension to various muscular attachments. Spine 29, 129138.
  • Barker PJ, Urquhart DM, Story IH, Fahrer M, Briggs CA (2007) The middle layer of lumbar fascia and attachments to lumbar transverse processes: implications for segmental control and fracture. Eur Spine J 16, 22322237.
  • Barthold SJ (2001) Biomechanical problems of the lower limb – the key to overuse injury? In Sports Medicine for Specific Ages and Abilities (eds MaffulliN, ChanKM, MacDonaldR, MalinaRM, ParkerAW), pp. 425436. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Bednar DA, Orr FW, Simon GT (1995) Observations on the pathomorphology of the thoracolumbar fascia in chronic mechanical back pain. A microscopic study. Spine 20, 11611164.
  • Benjamin M, Ralphs JR (1998) Fibrocartilage in tendons and ligaments – an adaptation to compressive load. J Anat 193, 481494.
  • Benjamin M, Qin S, Ralphs JR (1995) Fibrocartilage associated with human tendons and their pulleys. J Anat 187, 625633.
  • Benjamin M, Theobald P, Suzuki D, Toumi H (2007) The anatomy of the Achilles tendon. In The Achilles tendon (eds MaffulliN, AlmekindersL), pp. 516, London: Springer.
  • Benjamin M, Kaiser E, Milz S (2008) Structure-function relationships in tendons: a review. J Anat 212, 211228.
  • Bermudez K, Knudson MM, Morabito D, Kessel O (1998) Fasciotomy, chronic venous insufficiency, and the calf muscle pump. Arch Surg 133, 13561361.
  • Berndt A, Kosmehl H, Katenkamp D, Tauchmann V (1994) Appearance of the myofibroblastic phenotype in Dupuytren's disease is associated with a fibronectin, laminin, collagen type IV and tenascin extracellular matrix. Pathobiology 62, 5558.
  • Bisson MA, McGrouther DA, Mudera V, Grobbelaar AO (2003) The different characteristics of Dupuytren's disease fibroblasts derived from either nodule or cord: expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin and the response to stimulation by TGF-beta1. J Hand Surg [Br] 28, 351356.
  • Bisson MA, Mudera V, McGrouther DA, Grobbelaar AO (2004) The contractile properties and responses to tensional loading of Dupuytren's disease-derived fibroblasts are altered: a cause of the contracture? Plast Reconstr Surg 113, 611621.
  • Bloom W, Fawcett DW (1975) A Textbook of Histology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.
  • Bojsen-Moller F, Flagstad KE (1976) Plantar aponeurosis and internal architecture of the ball of the foot. J Anat 121, 599611.
  • Bolgla LA, Malone TR (2004) Plantar fasciitis and the windlass mechanism: a biomechanical link to clinical practice. J Athl Train 39, 7782.
  • Botte MJ (2003) Muscle anatomy. In Surgical Anatomy of the Hand and Upper Extremity (eds DoyleJR, BotteMJ), pp. 92184. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
  • Bouche RT, Johnson CH (2007) Medial tibial stress syndrome (tibial fasciitis): a proposed pathomechanical model involving fascial traction. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 97, 3136.
  • Bouffard NA, Cutroneo KR, Badger GJ, White SL, Buttolph TR, Ehrlich HP, Stevens-Tuttle D, Langevin HM (2008). Tissue stretch decreases soluble TGF-beta1 and type-1 procollagen in mouse subcutaneous connective tissue: evidence from ex vivo and in vivo models. J Cell Physiol 214, 389395.
  • Bourne RB, Rorabeck CH (1989) Compartment syndromes of the lower leg. Clin Orthop Relat Res 240, 97104.
  • Brickley-Parsons D, Glimcher MJ, Smith RJ, Albin R, Adams JP (1981) Biochemical changes in the collagen of the palmar fascia in patients with Dupuytren's disease. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 63, 787797.
  • Briggs CA, Elliott BG (1985) Lateral epicondylitis. A review of structures associated with tennis elbow. Anat Clin 7, 149153.
  • Caggiati A (1999) Fascial relationships of the long saphenous vein. Circulation 100, 25472549.
  • Caggiati A (2000) Fascial relations and structure of the tributaries of the saphenous veins. Surg Radiol Anat 22, 191196.
  • Caughell KA, McFarlane RM, McGrouther DA, Martin AH (1988) Developmental anatomy of the palmar aponeurosis and its relationship to the palmaris longus tendon. J Hand Surg [Am] 13, 485493.
  • Chang L, Blair WF (1985) The origin and innervation of the adductor pollicis muscle. J Anat 140, 381388.
  • Cheung JT, Zhang M, An KN (2004) Effects of plantar fascia stiffness on the biomechanical responses of the ankle-foot complex. Clin Biomech 19, 839846.
  • Clay RC (1944) Dupuytren's contracture: fibroma of the palmar fascia. Ann Surg 120, 224231.
  • Cordova A, Tripoli M, Corradino B, Napoli P, Moschella F (2005) Dupuytren's contracture: an update of biomolecular aspects and therapeutic perspectives. J Hand Surg [Br] 30, 557562.
  • Craig ME, Duffin AC, Gallego PH, et al. (2008) Plantar fascia thickness, a measure of tissue glycation, predicts the development of complications in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care 31, 12011206.
  • Crimmins CA, Jones NF (1995) Stenosing tenosynovitis of the extensor carpi ulnaris. Ann Plast Surg 35, 105107.
  • De Fijter WM, Scheltinga MR, Luiting MG (2006) Minimally invasive fasciotomy in chronic exertional compartment syndrome and fascial hernias of the anterior lower leg: short- and long-term results. Mil Med 171, 399403.
  • De-Ary-Pires B, Valdez CF, Shecaira AP, De Ary-Pires R, Ary Pires-Neto M (2007) Cleland's and Grayson's ligaments of the hand: a morphometrical investigation. Clin Anat 20, 6876.
  • Desmouliere A, Badid C, Bochaton-Piallat ML, Gabbiani G (1997) Apoptosis during wound healing, fibrocontractive diseases and vascular wall injury. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 29, 1930.
  • Doyle JR (2003) Hand. In Surgical Anatomy of the Hand and Upper Extremity (eds DoyleJR, BotteMJ), pp. 532641. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
  • Duffin AC, Lam A, Kidd R, Chan AK, Donaghue KC (2002) Ultrasonography of plantar soft tissues thickness in young people with diabetes. Diabet Med 19, 10091013.
  • Eames MH, Bain GI, Fogg QA, Van Riet RP (2007) Distal biceps tendon anatomy: a cadaveric study. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 89, 10441049.
  • Elliot D (1988) The early history of contracture of the palmar fascia. Part 1: the origin of the disease: the curse of the MacCrimmons: the hand of benediction: Cline's contracture. J Hand Surg [Br] 13, 246253.
  • Erdemir A, Hamel AJ, Fauth AR, Piazza SJ, Sharkey NA (2004) Dynamic loading of the plantar aponeurosis in walking. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 86, 546552.
  • Evan G, Harrington E, Fanidi A, Land H, Amati B, Bennett M (1994) Integrated control of cell proliferation and cell death by the c-myc oncogene. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 345, 269275.
  • Fairclough J, Hayashi K, Toumi H, et al. (2006) The functional anatomy of the iliotibial band during flexion and extension of the knee: implications for understanding iliotibial band syndrome. J Anat 208, 309316.
  • Fidzianska A, Jablonska S (2000) Congenital fascial dystrophy: abnormal composition of the fascia. J Am Acad Dermatol 43, 797802.
  • Fifield LR (1939) Infections of the Hand. London: H.K. Lewis.
  • Findley T, Schleip R (2007b) Introduction. In Fascia Research. Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Health Care (eds FindleyT, SchleipR), pp. 29. Munich: Elsevier.
  • Findley TW, Schleip R (2007a) Fascia Research, Munich: Elsevier.
  • Fitzgerald AM, Kirkpatrick JJ, Naylor IL (1999) Dupuytren's disease. The way forward? J Hand Surg [Br] 24, 395399.
  • Flanagan JC, Campbell CB (1981) The use of autogenous fascia lata to correct lid and orbital deformities. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 79, 227242.
  • Flatt AE (2001) The Vikings and Baron Dupuytren's disease. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 14, 378384.
  • Forsman M, Paakkonen V, Tjaderhane L, et al. (2008) The expression of myoglobin and ROR2 protein in Dupuytren's disease. J Surg Res 146, 271275.
  • Fredericson M, Wolf C (2005) Iliotibial band syndrome in runners: innovations in treatment. Sports Med 35, 451459.
  • Gabbiani G (2003) The myofibroblast in wound healing and fibrocontractive diseases. J Pathol 200, 500503.
  • Gabbiani G (2007) Evolution and clinical implications of the myofibroblast concept. In Fascia Research. Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Health Care (eds FindleyTW, SchleipR), pp. 5660. Munich: Urban and Fischer.
  • Gardner E, Gray DJ, O’Rahilly R (1960) Anatomy. A Regional Study of Human Structure, London: Saunders.
  • Gerlach UJ, Lierse W (1990) Functional construction of the superficial and deep fascia system of the lower limb in man. Acta Anat (Basel) 139, 1125.
  • Gerrish FH (1899) A Textbook of Anatomy, London: Henry Kimpton.
  • Giacomozzi C, D’Ambrogi E, Uccioli L, Macellari V (2005) Does the thickening of Achilles tendon and plantar fascia contribute to the alteration of diabetic foot loading? Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 20, 532539.
  • Grant JCB (1948) A Method of Anatomy. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox.
  • Hagert E, Forsgren S, Ljung BO (2005) Differences in the presence of mechanoreceptors and nerve structures between wrist ligaments may imply differential roles in wrist stabilization. J Orthop Res 23, 757763.
  • Hagert E, Garcia-Elias M, Forsgren S, Ljung BO (2007) Immunohistochemical analysis of wrist ligament innervation in relation to their structural composition. J Hand Surg [Am] 32, 3036.
  • Hart MG, Hooper G (2005) Clinical associations of Dupuytren's disease. Postgrad Med J 81, 425428.
  • Haumont T, Gauchard GC, Zabee L, Arnoux JM, Journeau P, Lascombes P (2007) Extensor retinaculum syndrome after distal tibial fractures: anatomical basis. Surg Radiol Anat 29, 303311.
  • Hicks JH (1954) The mechanics of the foot. II. The plantar aponeurosis and the arch. J Anat 88, 2530.
  • Huijing P (1999) Muscular force transmission: a unified, dual or multiple system? A review and some explorative experimental results. Arch Physiol Biochem 107, 292311.
  • Huijing PA (2007) Epimuscular myofascial force transmission between antagonistic and synergistic muscles can explain movement limitation in spastic paresis. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 17, 708724.
  • Huijing PA, Baan GC (2001a) Extramuscular myofascial force transmission within the rat anterior tibial compartment: proximo-distal differences in muscle force. Acta Physiol Scand 173, 297311.
  • Huijing PA, Baan GC (2001b) Myofascial force transmission causes interaction between adjacent muscles and connective tissue: effects of blunt dissection and compartmental fasciotomy on length force characteristics of rat extensor digitorum longus muscle. Arch Physiol Biochem 109, 97109.
  • Huijing PA, Baan GC, Rebel GT (1998) Non-myotendinous force transmission in rat extensor digitorum longus muscle. J Exp Biol 201, 683691.
  • Huijing PA, Maas H, Baan GC (2003) Compartmental fasciotomy and isolating a muscle from neighboring muscles interfere with myofascial force transmission within the rat anterior crural compartment. J Morphol 256, 306321.
  • Iatridis JC, Wu J, Yandow JA, Langevin HM (2003) Subcutaneous tissue mechanical behavior is linear and viscoelastic under uniaxial tension. Connect Tissue Res 44, 208217.
  • Jarvholm U, Palmerud G, Styf J, Herberts P, Kadefors R (1988) Intramuscular pressure in the supraspinatus muscle. J Orthop Res 6, 230238.
  • Jemec B, Grobbelaar AO, Wilson GD, Smith PJ, Sanders R, McGrouther DA (1999) Is Dupuytren's disease caused by an imbalance between proliferation and cell death? J Hand Surg [Br] 24, 511514.
  • Johnston P, Chojnowski AJ, Davidson RK, Riley GP, Donell ST, Clark IM (2007) A complete expression profile of matrix-degrading metalloproteinases in Dupuytren's disease. J Hand Surg [Am] 32, 343351.
  • Johnston TB, Whillis J (1950) Gray's Anatomy – Descriptive and Applied. London: Longmans, Green and Co.
  • Joseph DM (1988) Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using the bone-block iliotibial-tract transfer. J Bone Joint Surg Am 70, 790791.
  • Kalin PJ, Hirsch BE (1987) The origins and function of the interosseous muscles of the foot. J Anat 152, 8391.
  • Kane D, Greaney T, Shanahan M, et al. (2001) The role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of idiopathic plantar fasciitis. Rheumatology 40, 10021028.
  • Kawamata S, Ozawa J, Hashimoto M, Kurose T, Shinohara H (2003) Structure of the rat subcutaneous connective tissue in relation to its sliding mechanism. Arch Histol Cytol 66, 273279.
  • Kozma EM, Olczyk K, Glowacki A, Bobinski R (2000) An accumulation of proteoglycans in scarred fascia. Mol Cell Biochem 203, 103112.
  • Kozma EM, Olczyk K, Wisowski G, Glowacki A, Bobinski R (2005) Alterations in the extracellular matrix proteoglycan profile in Dupuytren's contracture affect the palmar fascia. J Biochem 137, 463476.
  • Kozma EM, Glowacki A, Olczyk K, Ciecierska M (2007) Dermatan sulfate remodeling associated with advanced Dupuytren's contracture. Acta Biochim Pol 54, 821830.
  • Kumai T, Benjamin M (2002) Heel spur formation and the subcalcaneal enthesis of the plantar fascia. J Rheumatol 29, 19571964.
  • Kumai T, Benjamin M (2003) The histological structure of the malleolar groove of the fibula in man: its direct bearing on the displacement of peroneal tendons and their surgical repair. J Anat 203, 257262.
  • Langevin HM (2006) Connective tissue: a body-wide signaling network? Med Hypotheses 66, 10741077.
  • Langevin HM, Yandow JA (2002) Relationship of acupuncture points and meridians to connective tissue planes. Anat Rec 269, 257265.
  • Langevin HM, Churchill DL, Cipolla MJ (2001) Mechanical signaling through connective tissue: a mechanism for the therapeutic effect of acupuncture. Faseb J. 15, 22752282.
  • Langevin HM, Churchill DL, Wu J, et al. (2002) Evidence of connective tissue involvement in acupuncture. FASEB J 16, 872874.
  • Langevin HM, Cornbrooks CJ, Taatjes DJ (2004) Fibroblasts form a body-wide cellular network. Histochem Cell Biol 122, 715.
  • Langevin HM, Bouffard NA, Badger GJ, Iatridis JC, Howe AK (2005) Dynamic fibroblast cytoskeletal response to subcutaneous tissue stretch ex vivo and in vivo. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 288, C747756.
  • Langevin HM, Bouffard NA, Badger GJ, Churchill DL, Howe AK (2006a) Subcutaneous tissue fibroblast cytoskeletal remodeling induced by acupuncture: evidence for a mechanotransduction-based mechanism. J Cell Physiol 207, 767774.
  • Langevin HM, Storch KN, Cipolla MJ, White SL, Buttolph TR, Taatjes DJ (2006b) Fibroblast spreading induced by connective tissue stretch involves intracellular redistribution of alpha- and beta-actin. Histochem Cell Biol. 125, 487495.
  • Langevin HM, Bouffard NA, Churchill DL, Badger GJ (2007) Connective tissue fibroblast response to acupuncture: dose-dependent effect of bidirectional needle rotation. J Altern Complement Med 13, 355360.
  • Lee LC, Zhang AY, Chong AK, Pham H, Longaker MT, Chang J (2006) Expression of a novel gene, MafB, in Dupuytren's disease. J Hand Surg [Am] 31, 211218.
  • Le Gros Clark WE (1945) The Tissues of the Body. An Introduction to the Study of Anatomy, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Lindsay M (2008) Fascia. Clinical Applications for Health and Human Performance. New York: Delmar Cengage Learning.
  • Lubahn JD, Pollard M, Cooney T (2007) Immunohistochemical evidence of nerve growth factor in Dupuytren's diseased palmar fascia. J Hand Surg [Am] 32, 337342.
  • Lytle WJ (1979) Inguinal anatomy. J Anat 128, 581594.
  • Mardel S, Underwood M (1991) Adductor pollicis. The missing interosseous. Surg Radiol Anat 13, 4952.
  • Meissner MH, Moneta G, Burnand K, et al. (2007) The hemodynamics and diagnosis of venous disease. J Vasc Surg 46 (Suppl. S), 4S24S.
  • Melling M, Reihsner R, Pfeiler W, et al. (1999) Comparison of palmar aponeuroses from individuals with diabetes mellitus and Dupuytren's contracture. Anat Rec 255, 401406.
  • Milz S, Rufai A, Buettner A, Putz R, Ralphs JR, Benjamin M (2002) Three-dimensional reconstructions of the Achilles tendon insertion in man. J Anat 200, 145152.
  • Molnar TF, Rendeki S, Lukacs L, Horvath OP (2003) Improvement of air tightness of stapled lung parenchyma using fascia lata. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2, 503505.
  • Mubarak S, Owen CA (1975) Compartmental syndrome and its relation to the crush syndrome: a spectrum of disease. A review of 11 cases of prolonged limb compression. Clin Orthop Relat Res 113, 8189.
  • Murrell GA, Francis MJ, Bromley L (1987) Free radicals and Dupuytren's contracture. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 295, 13731375.
  • Murrell GA, Francis MJ, Bromley L (1991) The collagen changes of Dupuytren's contracture. J Hand Surg [Br] 16, 263266.
  • Myers TW (1987) Anatomy Trains: Myofascial Meridians for Manual and Movement Therapists. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Nash LG, Phillips MN, Nicholson H, Barnett R, Zhang M (2004) Skin ligaments: regional distribution and variation in morphology. Clin Anat 17, 287293.
  • Neufeld SK, Cerrato R (2008) Plantar fasciitis: evaluation and treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 16, 338346.
  • Niechajev I (2005) Calf augmentation and restoration. Plast Reconstr Surg 116, 295305.
  • Numkarunarunrote N, Malik A, Aguiar RO, Trudell DJ, Resnick D (2007) Retinacula of the foot and ankle: MRI with anatomic correlation in cadavers. Am J Roentgenol 188, W348W354.
  • Pagnotta A, Specchia N, Greco F (2002) Androgen receptors in Dupuytren's contracture. J Orthop Res 20, 163168.
  • Palmborg G (1952) Stenosing tenosynovitis. Ann Rheum Dis 11, 193195.
  • Palmieri G, Panu R, Asole A, Farina V, Sanna L, Gabbi C (1986) Macroscopic organization and sensitive innervation of the tendinous intersection and the lacertus fibrosus of the biceps brachii muscle in the ass and horse. Arch Anat Histol Embryol 69, 7382.
  • Papadopoulos NJ, Sherif MF, Albert EN (1981) A fascial canal for the great saphenous vein: gross and microanatomical observations. J Anat 132, 321329.
  • Pascual Huerta J, Alarcon Garcia JM (2007) Effect of gender, age and anthropometric variables on plantar fascia thickness at different locations in asymptomatic subjects. Eur J Radiol 62, 449453.
  • Qian A, Meals RA, Rajfer J, Gonzalez-Cadavid NF (2004) Comparison of gene expression profiles between Peyronie's disease and Dupuytren's contracture. Urology 64, 399404.
  • Ralphs JR, Waggett AD, Benjamin M (2002) Actin stress fibres and cell-cell adhesion molecules in tendons: organisation in vivo and response to mechanical loading of tendon cells in vitro. Matrix Biol 21, 6774.
  • Rehman S, Salway F, Stanley JK, Ollier WE, Day P, Bayat A (2008) Molecular phenotypic descriptors of Dupuytren's disease defined using informatics analysis of the transcriptome. J Hand Surg [Am] 33, 359372.
  • Ris HB, Furrer M, Stronsky S, Walpoth B, Nachbur B (1993) Four-compartment fasciotomy and venous calf-pump function: long-term results. Surgery 113, 5558.
  • Salathe EP Jr, Arangio GA, Salathe EP (1986) A biomechanical model of the foot. J Biomech 19, 9891001.
  • Sanchis-Alfonso V, Rosello-Sastre E (2000) Immunohistochemical analysis for neural markers of the lateral retinaculum in patients with isolated symptomatic patellofemoral malalignment. A neuroanatomic basis for anterior knee pain in the active young patient. Am J Sports Med 28, 725731.
  • Saragaglia D, Fontanel F, Montbarbon E, Tourne Y, Picard F, Charbel A (1997) Reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments using an inferior extensor retinaculum flap. Foot Ankle Int 18, 723728.
  • Saraph V, Zwick EB, Uitz C, Linhart W, Steinwender G (2000) The Baumann procedure for fixed contracture of the gastrosoleus in cerebral palsy. Evaluation of function of the ankle after multilevel surgery. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 82, 535540.
  • Sarrafian SK (1987) Functional characteristics of the foot and plantar aponeurosis under tibiotalar loading. Foot Ankle 8, 418.
  • Satish L, Laframboise WA, O’Gorman DB, et al. (2008) Identification of differentially expressed genes in fibroblasts derived from patients with Dupuytren's Contracture. BMC Med Genomics 1, 110.
  • Schleip R, Kingler W, Lehmann-Horn F (2007) Fascia is able to contract in a smooth muscle-like manner and thereby influence musculoskeletal mechanics. In Fascia Research. Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Health Care (eds FindleyTW, SchleipR), pp. 7677. Munich: Urban and Fischer.
  • Shah AC, Srivastava HC (1966) Fascial canal for the small saphenous vein. J Anat 100, 411413.
  • Snow SW, Bohne WH, DiCarlo E, Chang VK (1995) Anatomy of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia in relation to the calcaneus in various age groups. Foot Ankle Int 16, 418421.
  • Standring S (2004) Gray's Anatomy: the Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Stecco C, Gagey O, Belloni A, et al. (2007a) Anatomy of the deep fascia of the upper limb. Second part: study of innervation. Morphologie 91, 3843.
  • Stecco C, Gagey O, Macchi V, et al. (2007b) Tendinous muscular insertions onto the deep fascia of the upper limb. First part: anatomical study. Morphologie 91, 2937.
  • Stecco C, Porzionato A, Macchi V, et al. (2008) The expansions of the pectoral girdle muscles onto the brachial fascia: morphological aspects and spatial disposition. Cells Tissues Organs, EPub ahead of Print.
  • Stilwell DL, Jr (1957) Regional variations in the innervation of deep fasciae and aponeuroses. Anat Rec 127, 635653.
  • Taki K, Yamazaki S, Majima T, Ohura H, Minami A (2007) Bilateral stenosing tenosynovitis of the peroneus longus tendon associated with hypertrophied peroneal tubercle in a junior soccer player: a case report. Foot Ankle Int 28, 129132.
  • Tanaka S, Ito T (1977) Histochemical demonstration of adrenergic fibers in the fascia periosteum and retinaculum. Clin Orthop Relat Res 126, 276281.
  • Terek RM, Jiranek WA, Goldberg MJ, Wolfe HJ, Alman BA (1995) The expression of platelet-derived growth-factor gene in Dupuytren contracture. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 77, 19.
  • Toumi H, Higashiyama I, Suzuki D, et al. (2006) Regional variations in human patellar trabecular architecture and the structure of the proximal patellar tendon enthesis. J Anat 208, 4757.
  • Townley WA, Baker R, Sheppard N, Grobbelaar AO (2006) Dupuytren's contracture unfolded. Br Med J 332, 397400.
  • Vaillancourt C, Shrier I, Vandal A, et al. (2004) Acute compartment syndrome: How long before muscle necrosis occurs? Can J Emergency Med Care 6, 147154.
  • Vieira EL, Vieira EA, Da Silva RT, Berlfein PA, Abdalla RJ, Cohen M (2007) An anatomic study of the iliotibial tract. Arthroscopy 23, 269274.
  • Vleeming A, Stoeckart R (2007) The role of the pelvic girdle in coupling the spine and the legs: a clinical-anatomical persepctive on pelvic stability. In Movement, Stability and Lumbopelvic Pain (eds VleemingA, MooneyV, StoeckartR), pp. 113137. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Vleeming A, Mooney V, Stoeckart R (2007) Movement, Stability & Lumbopelvic Pain. Integration of Research and Therapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
  • Vleeming A, Pool-Goudzwaard AL, Stoeckart R, Van Wingerden JP, Snijders CJ (1995) The posterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia. Its function in load transfer from spine to legs. Spine 20, 753758.
  • Wang HQ, Li MQ, Wu ZX, Zhao L (2007) The deep fascia in response to leg lengthening with particular reference to the tension-stress principle. J Pediatr Orthop 27, 4145.
  • Warren BL (1990) Plantar fasciitis in runners. Treatment and prevention. Sports Med 10, 338345.
  • Willard FH (2007) The muscular, ligamentous, and neural structure of the lumbosacrum and its relationship to low back pain. In Movement, stability & lumbopelvic pain. Integration of Research and Therapy (eds VleemingA, MooneyV, StoeckartR), pp. 545. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Wood Jones F (1944) Structure and Function as Seen in the Foot. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox.
  • Yahia L, Rhalmi S, Newman N, Isler M (1992) Sensory innervation of human thoracolumbar fascia. An immunohistochemical study. Acta Orthop Scand 63, 195197.