SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abdala V, Moro S (2006) Comparative myology of the forelimb of Liolaemus sand lizards (Liolaemidae). Acta Zool 87, 112.
  • Abdala V, Manzano AS, Herrel A (2008) The distal forelimb musculature in aquatic and terrestrial turtles: phylogeny or environmental constraints? J Anat 213, 159172.
  • Agnarsson I, Coddington JA (2007) Quantitative test of primary homology. Cladistics 23, 111.
  • Benton MJ (1985) Classification and phylogeny of the diapsid reptiles. Zool J Linn Soc 84, 97164.
  • Bojanus LH (1819) Anatome testudinis europaeae. Facsimile reprints in Herpetology 26, 178.
  • Brooks HSJ (1889) Morphology of the muscles on the extensor aspect of the middle and distal segments of the limbs: with an account of the various paths which are adopted by the nerve-trunks in these segments. Stud Mus Zool Univ Coll Dundee 1, 117.
  • Bunnell S (1942) Surgery of the intrinsic muscles of the hand other than those producing opposition of the thumb. J Bone Joint Surg Am 24, 131.
  • Burton TC (1998) Pointing the way: the distribution and evolution of some characters of the finger muscles of frogs. Am Mus Nov 3229, 113.
  • Cao Y, Sorenson MD, Kumazawa Y, et al. (2000) Phylogenetic position of turtles among amniotes: evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Gene 259, 139148.
  • Carroll RL (2007) The Paleozoic ancestry of salamanders, frogs and caecilians. Zool J Linn Soc 150, 1140.
  • Conrad JL (2008) Phylogeny and systematics of Squamata (Reptilia) based on morphology. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 310, 1182.
  • Dawkins R (2004) The Ancestor’s Tale, A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • De Braga M, Rieppel O (1997) Reptile phylogeny and the interrelationships of turtles. Zool J Linn Soc 120, 281354.
  • Dilkes DW (2000) Appendicular myology of the hadrosaurian dinosaur Maiasaura peeblesorum from the Late Cretaceous (Campanian) of Montana. Trans R Soc Edinburgh Earth Sci 90, 87125.
  • Diogo R (2004a) Morphological evolution, aptations, homoplasies, constraints, and evolutionary trends: catfishes as a case study on general phylogeny and macroevolution. Enfield: Science Publishers.
  • Diogo R (2004b) Muscles versus bones: catfishes as a case study for an analysis on the contribution of myological and osteological structures in phylogenetic reconstructions. Anim Biol 54, 373391.
  • Diogo R (2007) On the origin and evolution of higher-clades: osteology, myology, phylogeny and macroevolution of bony fishes and the rise of tetrapods. Enfield: Science Publishers.
  • Diogo R (2008) Comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the mandibular, hyoid and hypobranchial muscles of bony fish and tetrapods: a new insight. Anim Biol 58, 123172.
  • Diogo R (2009) The head musculature of the Philippine colugo (Dermoptera: Cynocephalus volans), with a comparison to tree-shrews, primates and other mammals. J Morphol 270, 1451.
  • Diogo R, Abdala V (2007) Comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the pectoral muscles of bony fish and tetrapods: a new insight. J Morphol 268, 504517.
  • Diogo R, Wood BA (2009) Comparative anatomy and evolution of the pectoral and forelimb musculature of primates: a new insight. Am J Phys Anthropol, Meeting Suppl 48, 119.
  • Diogo R, Hinits Y, Hughes SM (2008a) Development of mandibular, hyoid and hypobranchial muscles in the zebrafish: homologies and evolution of these muscles within bony fishes and tetrapods. BMC Dev Biol 8, 2446.
  • Diogo R, Abdala V, Lonergan N, et al. (2008b) From fish to modern humans – comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the head and neck musculature. J Anat 213, 391424.
  • Diogo R, Abdala V, Lonergan N, et al. (2009a) From fish to modern humans – comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the pectoral and forelimb musculature. J Anat 214, 694716.
  • Diogo R, Wood BA, Aziz MA, et al. (2009b) On the origin, homologies and evolution of primate facial muscles, with a particular focus on hominoids and a suggested unifying nomenclature for the facial muscles of the Mammalia. J Anat 215, 300319.
  • Duellman WE, Trueb L (1986) The Biology of Amphibians. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Ecker A (1889) Anatomy of the Frog. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Edgeworth FH (1935) The cranial muscles of vertebrates. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fürbringer M (1876) Zur vergleichenden Anatomie der Schultermuskeln – 3 teil, capitel IV, Saurier und Crocodile. Gegenbaurs Morphol Jahrb 1, 636816.
  • Galis F, Kundrát M, Sinervo B (2003) An old controversy solved: bird embryos have five fingers. Trends Ecol Evol 18, 79.
  • Galis F, Kundrát M, Metz JAJ (2005) Hox genes, digiti identities and the theropod/bird transition. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 304, 198205.
  • Gauthier J, Kluge AG, Rowe T (1988) Amniote phylogeny and the importance of fossils. Cladistics 4, 105209.
  • Gaupp E (1896) A. Ecker’s und R. Wiedersheim’s Anatomie des Frosches, part 1. Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn.
  • Ghetie V, Chitescu ST, Cotofan V, et al. (1981) Atlas de Anatomía de las Aves Domésticas. Madrid: Editorial Acribia.
  • Grim M (1971) Development of the primordia of the latissimus dorsi muscle of chicken. Folia Morphol (Prague) 19, 252258.
  • Haines RW (1939) A revision of the extensor muscles of the forearm in tetrapods. J Anat 73, 211233.
  • Haines RW (1950) The flexor muscles of the forearm and hand in lizards and mammals. J Anat 84, 1329.
  • Haninec P, Tomás R, Kaiser R, et al. (2009) Development and clinical significance of the musculus dorsoepitrochlearis in men. Clin Anat 22, 481488.
  • Hedges SB, Poling LL (1999) A molecular phylogeny of reptiles. Science 283, 9981001.
  • Hetherington TE, Tugaoen JR (1990) Histochemical studies on the amphibian opercularis muscle (Amphibia). Zoomorphology 109, 273279.
  • Hill RV (2005) Integration of morphological data sets for phylogenetic analysis of Amniota: the importance of the integumentary characters and increased taxonomic sampling. Sys Bio 54, 530547.
  • Holliday CM. (2009) New insights into dinosaur jaw muscle anatomy. Anat Rec 292, 12461265.
  • Holliday CM, Witmer LM. (2007) Archosaur adductor chamber evolution: integration of musculoskeletal and topological criteria in jaw muscle homology. J Morphol 268, 457484.
  • Holmes R (1977) The osteology and musculature of the pectoral limb of small captorhinids. J Morphol 152, 101140.
  • Howell AB (1935) Morphogenesis of the shoulder architecture, Part III – Amphibia. Q Rev Biol 10, 397431.
  • Howell AB (1936a) Morphogenesis of the shoulder architecture, Part IV – Reptilia. Q Rev Biol 11, 183208.
  • Howell AB (1936b) Phylogeny of the distal musculature of the pectoral appendage. J Morphol 60, 287315.
  • Howell AB (1937a) Morphogenesis of the shoulder architecture, Part V – Monotremata. Q Rev Biol 12, 191205.
  • Howell AB (1937b) Morphogenesis of the shoulder architecture, Part IV – Therian Mammalia. Q Rev Biol 12, 440463.
  • Hudson GE, Schreiweis DO, Wang SYC (1972) A numerical study of the wing and leg muscles of Tinamous (Tinamidae). Northwest Sci 46, 207255.
  • Humphry GM (1872a) Observations in Myology – the Myology of Cryptobranch, Lepidosiren, Dog-fish, Ceratodus, and Pseudopus palasii, with the Nerves of Cryptobranch and Lepidorsiren and the Disposition of Muscles in Vertebrate Animals. Cambridge: Macmillan & Co.
  • Humphry GM (1872b) The disposition of muscles in Vertebrate animals. J Anat Physiol 6, 293376.
  • Jollie M (1962) Chordate Morphology. New York: Reinhold.
  • Jouffroy FK (1971) Musculature des membres. In Traité de Zoologie XVI, 3 (ed. GrasséPP), pp. 1475. Paris: Masson et Cie.
  • Jouffroy FK, Lessertisseur J (1971) Particularités musculaires des Monotrémes – musculature post-craniénne. In Traité de Zoologie XVI, 3 (ed. GrasséPP) pp. 733836. Paris: Masson et Cie.
  • Kardong KV (2002) Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution (3rd edn). New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Kardong KV, Zalisko EJ (1998) Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy – A Laboratory Dissection Guide. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Köntges G, Lumsden A (1996) Rhombencephalic neural crest segmentation is preserved throughout craniofacial ontogeny. Development 122, 32293242.
  • Kundrát M (2009) Primary chondrification foci in the wing basipodium of Struthio camelus with comments on interpretation of autopodial elements in Crocodilia and Aves. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 312, 3041.
  • Lewis OJ (1989) Functional Morphology of the Evolving Hand and Foot. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Macalister A (1869) On the arrangement of the pronator muscles in the limbs of vertebrate animals. J Anat Physiol 3, 335340.
  • Mannen H, Li SL (1999) Molecular evidence for a clade of turtles. Mol Phylogenet Evol 13, 144148.
  • Manzano AS (1996) Análisis de la musculatura de la familia Pseudidae (Amphibia: Anura). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina.
  • Manzano AS, Abdala V, Herrel A (2008b) Morphology and function of the forelimb in arboreal frogs: specializations for grasping ability? J Anat 213, 296307.
  • Maxwell EE, Larsson HCE (2007) Osteology and myology of the wing of the Emu (Dromarius novaehollandiae), and its bearing on the evolution of vestigial structures. J Morphol 268, 423441.
  • McMurrich JP (1903a) The phylogeny of the forearm flexors. Am J Anat 2, 177209.
  • McMurrich JP (1903b) The phylogeny of the palmar musculature. Am J Anat 2, 463500.
  • Meers MB (2003) Crocodylian forelimb musculature and its relevance to Archosauria. Anat Rec 274A, 891916.
  • Meyers RA (1996) Morphology of the antebrachial musculature in the American Kestrel, Falco sparverius (Aves). Ann Anat 178, 4960.
  • Mivart SG (1869) Notes on the myology of Menopoma alleghaniense. Proc Zool Soc Lond 1869, 254261.
  • Modesto SP, Anderson JS (2004) The phylogenetic definition of Reptilia. Sys Bio 53, 815821.
  • Moro S, Abdala V (2004) Análisis descriptivo de la miología flexor y extensora del miembro anterior de Polychrus acutirostris (Squamata, Polychrotidae). Pap Avulsos Zool (São Paulo) 44, 8189.
  • Müller J (2003) Early loss and multiple return of the lower temporal arcade in diapsid reptiles. Naturwissenschaften 90, 473476.
  • Noden DM, Francis-West P (2006) The differentiation and morphogenesis of craniofacial muscles. Dev Dyn 235, 11941218.
  • Patterson C (1988) Homology in classical and molecular biology. Mol Biol Evol 5, 603625.
  • De Pinna MC (1991) Concepts and test of homology in the cladistic paradigm. Cladistics 7, 367394.
  • Piatt J (1938) Morphogenesis of the cranial muscles of Amblystoma punctatum. J Morphol 63, 531587.
  • Piekarski N, Olsson L (2007) Muscular derivatives of the cranialmost somites revealed by long-term fate mapping in the Mexican axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum). Evol Dev 9, 566578.
  • Ribbing L (1907) Die distale Armmuskulatur der Amphibien, Reptilien und Säugetiere. Zool Jahrb 23, 587680.
  • Ribbing L (1938) Die Muskeln und Nerven der Extremitäten. In Handbuch der Vergleichenden Anatomie der Wirbeltiere Urban & Schwarzenberg (eds BolkL, GöppertE, KalliusE, LuboschW), pp. 543656. Amsterdam: Asher & Co.
  • Rieppel O (1994) Osteology of Simosaurus gaillardoti and the relationships of stem-group sauropterygia. Field Geol 1462, 185.
  • Rieppel O (2000) Turtles as diapsid reptiles. Nature 384, 453455.
  • Rieppel O, Reisz RR (1999) The origin and early evolution of turtles. Ann Rev Ecol Sys 30, 122.
  • Romer AS (1922) The locomotor apparatus of certain primitive and mammal-like reptiles. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 46, 517606.
  • Romer AS (1924) Pectoral limb musculature and shoulder-girdle structure in fish and tetrapods. Anat Rec 27, 119143.
  • Romer AS (1944) The development of tetrapod limb musculature – the shoulder region of Lacerta. J Morphol 74, 141.
  • Russell AP (1988) Limb muscles in relation to lizard systematics: a reappraisal. In Phylogenetic Relationships of Lizard Families: Essays Commemorating Charles L. Camp (eds EstesR, PregillG), pp. 119281. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Russell AP, Bauer AM (2008) The appendicular locomotor apparatus of Sphenodon and normal-limbed squamates. In Biology of Reptilia, vol. 21 (eds GansC, GauntAS, AdlerK), pp. 1465. New York: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptilian.
  • Shellswell GB, Wolpert L (1977) The pattern of muscle and tendon development in the chick wing. In Vertebrate Limb and Somite Morphogenesis (eds EdeD, HinchcliffeR, BallsM), pp. 7186. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Smith GM (1926) The detailed anatomy of Triturus torosus. Unpublished Masters Thesis, University of British Columbia.
  • Straus WL (1941a) The phylogeny of the human forearm extensors. Hum Biol 13, 2350.
  • Straus WL (1941b) The phylogeny of the human forearm extensors (concluded). Hum Biol 13, 203238.
  • Straus WL (1942) The homologies of the forearm flexors: urodeles, lizards, mammals. Am J Anat 70, 281316.
  • Sullivan GE (1962) Anatomy and embryology of the wing musculature of the domestic fowl (Gallus). Aust J Zool 10, 458518.
  • Sullivan GE (1967) Abnormalities of the muscular anatomy in the shoulder region of paralysed chick embryos. Aust J Zool 15, 911940.
  • Tsuihiji T (2007) Homologies of the longissimus, iliocostalis, and hypaxial muscles in the anterior presacral region of extant diapsida. J Morphol 268, 9861020.
  • Vargas AO, Fallon JF (2005a) Birds have dinosaur wings, the molecular evidence. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 304, 8690.
  • Vargas AO, Fallon JF (2005b) The digits of the wing of birds are 1, 2, and 3, a review. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 304, 206219.
  • Vargas AO, Kohlsdorf T, Fallon JF, et al. (2008) The evolution of HoxD-11 expression in the bird wing: insights from Alligator mississippiensis. PLoS ONE 3, e3325.
  • Walker WF (1973) The locomotor apparatus of testudines. In: Biology of the Reptilia, Vol. 14 (eds GansC, ParsonsTS), pp. 1100. New York: Academic Press.
  • Walthall JC, Ashley-Ross MA (2006) Postcranial myology of the California newt, Taricha torosa. Anat Rec A 288, 4657.
  • Walther WG(1922) Die Neu-Guinea-Schieldkröte Carettochelys insculpta Ramsay. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Leiden.
  • Wyneken J (2001) The Anatomy of Sea Turtles. Miami: U.S. Department of Commerce NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-470.