Tooth-bone morphogenesis during postnatal stages of mouse first molar development

Authors

  • Vlasta Lungová,

    1. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
    2. Faculty of Science, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic
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  • Ralf J. Radlanski,

    1. Department of Craniofacial Developmental Biology, Charité-Campus Benjamin Franklin at Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
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  • Abigail S. Tucker,

    1. Departments of Craniofacial Development and Orthodontics, King’s College London, London, UK
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  • Herbert Renz,

    1. Department of Craniofacial Developmental Biology, Charité-Campus Benjamin Franklin at Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
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  • Ivan Míšek,

    1. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
    2. Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics AS CR, v.v.i., Brno, Czech Republic
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  • Eva Matalová

    1. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
    2. Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics AS CR, v.v.i., Brno, Czech Republic
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Eva Matalová, Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, v.v.i., Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Veveří 97, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic. T: + 420 5 32290155; F: + 420 5 41212988; E:matalova@iach.cz

Abstract

The first mouse molar (M1) is the most common model for odontogenesis, with research particularly focused on prenatal development. However, the functional dentition forms postnatally, when the histogenesis and morphogenesis of the tooth is completed, the roots form and the tooth physically anchors into the jaw. In this work, M1 was studied from birth to eruption, assessing morphogenesis, proliferation and apoptosis, and correlating these with remodeling of the surrounding bony tissue. The M1 completed crown formation between postnatal (P) days 0–2, and the development of the tooth root was initiated at P4. From P2 until P12, cell proliferation in the dental epithelium reduced and shifted downward to the apical region of the forming root. In contrast, proliferation was maintained or increased in the mesenchymal cells of the dental follicle. At later stages, before tooth eruption (P20), cell proliferation suddenly ceased. This withdrawal from the cell cycle correlated with tooth mineralization and mesenchymal differentiation. Apoptosis was observed during all stages of M1 postnatal morphogenesis, playing a role in the removal of cells such as osteoblasts in the mandibular region and working together with osteoclasts to remodel the bone around the developing tooth. At more advanced developmental stages, apoptotic cells and bodies accumulated in the cell layers above the tooth cusps, in the path of eruption. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the developing postnatal tooth and bone indicates that the alveolar crypts form by resorption underneath the primordia, whereas the ridges form by active bone growth between the teeth and roots to form a functional complex.

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