• Bulmer D (1957) The development of the human vagina. J Anat 91, 490509.
  • Cai Y (2009) Revisting old vaginal topics: conversion of the Müllerian vagina and origin of the ‘sinus’ vagina. Int J Dev Biol 53, 925934.
  • Drews U (2007) Helper function of the Wolffian ducts and role of androgens in the development of the vagina. Sex Dev 1, 100110.
  • Forsberg JG (1973) Cervicovaginal epithelium: its origin and development. Am J Obstet Gynecol 115, 10251043.
  • Fritsch H, Aigner F, Ludwikowski B, et al. (2007) Epithelial and muscular regionalization of the human developing anorectum. Anat Rec 290, 14491458.
  • Fritsch H, Zehm S, Illig R, et al. (2010) New insights into the development and differentiation of human anorectal epithelia. Are there clinical consequences?. Int J Colorectal Dis 25, 12311242.
  • Gray SW, Skandalakis JE (eds) (1972) The female reproductive tract. In: Embryology for Surgeons: The Embryological Basis for the Treatment of Congenital Defects, pp. 633643. Philadelphia: Saunders.
  • Ince TA, Cviko AP, Quade BJ, et al. (2002) P 63 coordinates anogenital modeling and epithelial cell differentiation in the developing female urogenital tract. Am J Pathol 161, 11111117.
  • Koff AK (1933) Development of the vagina in the human fetus. Contrib Embryol 24, 5991.
  • Kurita T (2010) Developmental origin of vaginal epithelium. Differentiation 80, 99105.
  • Kurita T, Cunha GR (2001) Roles of p63 in differentiation of Müllerian duct epithelial cells. Ann NY Acad Sci 948, 912.
  • Kurita T, Cunha GR, Robboy SJ, et al. (2005) Differential expression of p63 isoforms in female reproductive organs. Mech Dev 122, 10431055.
  • Magro G, Grasso S (1995) Expression of cytokeratins, Vimentin and basement membrane components in human fetal male müllerian duct and perimüllerian mesenchyme. Acta Histochem 97, 1318.
  • Martens JE, Smedts F, van Muyden RC, et al. (2007) Reserve cells in human uterine cervical epithelium are derived from müllerian epithelium at midgestational age. Int J Gynecol Pathol 26, 463468.
  • Masse J, Watrin T, Laurent A, et al. (2009) The developing female genital tract: from genetics to epigenetics. Int J Dev Biol 53, 411424.
  • Mauch RB, Thiedemann KU, Drews U (1985) The vagina is formed by down growth of Wolffian and Müllerian ducts. Anat Embryol 172, 7587.
  • Mijsberg W (1924) Über die Entwicklung der Vagina, des Hymen und des Sinus urogenitalis beim Menschen. Z Anat Entw-Gesch 74, 684760.
  • Müller J (1830) Bildungsgeschichte der Genitalien. Düsseldorf: Arnz.
  • O’Rahilly R (1977) The development of the vagina in the human. In: Morphogenesis and Malformation of the Genital System. Birth Defects. Original articles series 13. (eds Blandau RJ, Bergsma D), pp. 123136. New York: Alan R. Liss.
  • O’Rahilly R, Müller F (2010) Developmental stages in human embryos. Revised and new measurements. Cells Tissues Organs 192, 7384.
  • Orvis GD, Behringer RR (2007) Cellular mechanisms of Müllerian duct formations in the mouse. Dev Biol 306, 493504.
  • Sadler TW (2004) Urogenital System. Langman′s Medical Embryology. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 321362.
  • Valentin G (1835) Handbuch der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen mit vergleichender Rücksicht der Entwicklung der Säugetiere und Vögel. Berlin: Rücker, pp. 322408.
  • Viebahn C, Lane EB, Ramaekers FC (1987) The mesonephric (wollfian) and paramesonephric (müllerian) ducts of golden hamsters express different intermediate-filament proteins during development. Differentiation 34, 175188.
  • Vilas E (1932) Über die Entwicklung der menschlichen Scheide. Z Anat Entwickl Gesch 98, 262292.
  • Wartenberg H (1985) Morphological studies on the role of the periductal stroma in the regression of the human male Müllerian duct. Anat Embryol 171, 311323.