SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackerly DD (2000) Taxon sampling, correlated evolution, and independent contrasts. Evolution 54, 14801492.
  • Alexander A (1959) A survey of the biology of scorpions of South Africa. Afr Wildl 13, 99106.
  • Arnold AS, Richards CT, Ros IG, et al. (2011) There is always a trade-off between speed and force in a lever system: comment on McHenry (2010). Biol Lett 7, 878879.
  • Bruford MW, Hanotte O, Brookfield JFY, et al. (1992) Single-locus and multilocus DNA fingerprint. In: Molecular Genetic Analysis of Populations: A Practical Approach (ed. Hoezel AR), pp. 225270. Oxford: IRL Press.
  • Diaz-Uriarte R, Garland T (1996) Testing hypotheses of correlated evolution using phylogenetically independent contrasts: sensitivity to deviations from Brownian motion. Syst Biol 45, 2747.
  • Dumont ER, Grosse IR, Slater GJ (2009) Requirements for comparing the performance of finite element models of biological structures. J Theor Biol 256, 96103.
  • Dunlop JA, Tetlie OE, Prendini L (2008) Reinterpretation of the Silurian scorpion Proscorpius osborni (Whitfield): integrating data from paleozoic and recent scorpions. Palaeontology 51, 303320.
  • Edgar RC (2004) MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Res 32, 17921797.
  • Fet V, Sissom WD, Lowe G, et al. (2000) Catalog of the Scorpions of the World (1758–1998). New York: New York Entomological Society.
  • Fet V, Neff D, Graham MR, et al. (2003) Metasoma of Orthochirus (Scorpiones, Buthidae): are scorpions evolving a new sensory organ? Rév Ibér Arachnol  8, 6972.
  • Folmer O, Black M, Hoeh W, et al. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol 3, 294299.
  • Gantenbein B, Kropf C, Largiadèr CR, et al. (2000) Molecular and morphological evidence for the presence of a new buthid taxon (Scorpiones: Buthidae) on the island of Cyprus. Rev Suisse Zool 107, 213232.
  • Gilai A, Parnas I (1970) Neuromuscular physiology of the closer muscles in the pedipalp of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus. J Exp Biol 52, 325344.
  • Govindarajan S, Rajulu GS (1974) Presence of resilin in a scorpion Palamnaeus swammerdami and its role in the food-capturing and sound-producing mechanisms. Experientia 30, 908909.
  • Guindon S, Gascuel O (2003) A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood. Syst Biol 52, 696704.
  • Herrel A, Spithoven L, Van Damme R, et al. (1999) Sexual dimorphism of head size in Gallotia galloti: testing the niche divergence hypothesis by functional analysis. Funct Ecol 13, 289297.
  • Lamoral BH (1979) The scorpions of Namibia (Arachnida: Scorpionida). Ann Natal Mus 23, 497784.
  • McCormick SJ, Polis GA (1990) Prey, predators, and parasites. In: The Biology of Scorpions (ed. Polis GA), pp. 294320. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
  • McHenry MJ (2011) There is no trade-off between force and velocity in a dynamic lever system. Biol Lett 7, 384386.
  • Newlands G (1969) Scorpion defensive behaviour. Afr Wildl 23, 147153.
  • Newlands G (1972) Ecological adaptations of Kruger National Park scorpionids (Arachnida: Scorpionides). Koedoe 15, 3748.
  • Newlands G (1978) Arachnida (except Acari). In: Biogeography and Ecology of Southern Africa (ed. Werger MJA), pp. 677684. The Hague: Junk.
  • Polis GA (1990) Ecology. In: The Biology of Scorpions (ed. Polis GA), pp. 247293. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
  • Posada D (2008) jModelTest: phylogenetic model averaging. Mol Biol Evol 25, 12531256.
  • Prendini L (2000) Phylogeny and classification of the superfamily Scorpionoidea Latreille 1802 (Chelicerata, Scorpiones): an exemplar approach. Cladistics 16, 178.
  • Prendini L, Wheeler WC (2005) Scorpion higher phylogeny and classification, taxonomic anarchy, and standards for peer review in online publishing. Cladistics 21, 446494.
  • R Development Core Team (2011) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. 011, http://www.R-project.org.
  • Ronquist F, Huelsenbeck JP (2003) MrBayes version 3.0: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19, 15721574.
  • Schofield RMS (2001) Metals in cuticular structures. In: Scorpion Biology and Research (eds Brownell P, Polis GA), pp. 234256. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Sensenig AT, Shultz JW (2004) Elastic energy storage in the pedipalpal joints of scorpions and sun-spiders (Arachnida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). J Arachnol 32, 110.
  • Simon C, Frati F, Beckenbach A, et al. (1994) Evolution, weighting, and phylogenetic utility of mitochondrial gene sequences and a compilation of conserved polymerase chain reaction primers. Ann Entomol Soc Am 87, 651701.
  • Snodgrass RE (1952) A Textbook of Arthropod Anatomy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Sousa P, Froufe E, Harris DJ, et al. (2011) Genetic diversity of Maghrebian Hottentotta (Scorpiones: Buthidae) scorpions based on CO1: new insights on the genus phylogeny and distribution. Afr Invertebr 52, 135143.
  • Stahnke HL (1966) Some aspects of scorpion behavior. Bull South Calif Acad Sci 65, 6580.
  • Stockmann R, Ythier E (2010) Scorpions of the World. Verrières-le-Bruisson, France: N.A.P Editions.
  • Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, et al. (2011) MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Mol Biol Evol, 28, 27312739.
  • Van der Meijden A, Herrel A, Summers A (2010) Comparison of chela size and pincer force in scorpions; getting a first grip. J Zool 280, 319325.
  • Vincent JFV, Wegst UGK (2004) Design and mechanical properties of insect cuticle. Arthropod Struct Dev 33, 187199.
  • Webb CO, Ackerly DD, Kembel SW (2008) Phylocom: software for the analysis of phylogenetic community structure and character evolution. Bioinformatics 24, 20982100.
  • Yamada SB, Boulding EG (1998) Claw morphology, prey size selection and foraging efficiency in generalist and specialist shell-breaking crabs. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 220, 191211.