Temperament and Major Depression in 11 to 16 Year Olds


Requests for reprints to Professor Ian M. Goodyear, Section of Developmental Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpmgton Road, Cambridge CB2 4AH, U.K.


Abstract— Temperament (EAS teacher and parent questionnaire) and mental state (modified DISC-C interview with adolescent) was systematically assessed in 193 11 to 16 year olds (112 girls, 81 boys) screened for major depression in the community. Sex differences in the structure of temperament were noted from both parent and teacher reports High (negative) emotionality alone was associated with major depression, particularly (but not exclusively) in girls