Eating Attitudes and Weight Preoccupation Among Female High School Students in Japan


Requests for reprints to: Takayo Mukai, PhD, National Institute of Mental Health, NCNP, 1-7-3 Kohnodai, Ichikawa, Chiba 272, Japan


Abstract Eating disorder tendencies in 197 eleventh grade Japanese girls were examined to ascertain whether or not the reported correlates of eating disorder tendencies in North America would be replicated in Japan. The 26-item Eating Attitudes Test was administered along with a set of supplementary questions. As hypothesized, higher levels of eating disturbances were found in the students who: (1)perceived themselves as being overweight, (2)had been encouraged to diet, (3)reported engaging in frequent conversations with their mother about food and dieting. Implications for future cross-cultural research are discussed.