SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Arnsten, A.F. (1997). Catecholamine regulation of the prefrontal cortex. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 11, 151162.
  • Barkley, R.A. (1997). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, self-regulation, and time: Toward a more comprehensive theory. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 18, 271279.
  • Barkley, R.A., DuPaul, G.J., & Costello, A. (1993). Stimulants. In J.S.Werry & M.G.Aman (Eds.), Practitioner's guide to psychoactive drugs for children and adolescents (pp. 205237). New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.
  • Barnett, R., Maruff, P., Vance, A., Luk, E.S., Costin, J., Wood, C., & Pantelis, C. (2001). Abnormal executive function in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: The effect of stimulant medication and age on spatial working memory. Psychological Medicine, 31, 11071115.
  • Berman, T., Douglas, V.I., & Barr, R.G. (1999). Effects of methylphenidate on complex cognitive processing in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 90105.
  • Buitelaar, J.K., Van der Gaag, R.J., Swaab-Barneveld, H., & Kuiper, M. (1995). Prediction of clinical response to methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 10251032.
  • Charney, D.S., & Heninger, G.R. (1986). Abnormal regulation of adrenergic function in panic disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 10421054.
  • Chelune, G.J., Ferguson, W., Koon, R., & Dickey, T.O. (1986). Frontal lobe disinhibition in attention deficit disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 16, 221234.
  • Conners, C.K. (1997). Conner's Rating Scale – revised. Technical manual. New York: MultiHealth Systems Incorporated.
  • Cools, R., Stefanova, E., Barker, R.A., Robbins, T.W., & Owen, A.M. (2002). Dopaminergic modulation of high-level cognition in Parkinson's disease: The role of the prefrontal cortex revealed by PET. Brain, 125, 584594.
  • Coull, J.T., Middleton, H.C., Robbins, T.W., & Sahakian, B.J. (1995a). Clonidine and diazepam have differential effects on tests of attention and learning. Psychopharmacology, 120, 322332.
  • Coull, J.T., Middleton, H.C., Robbins, T.W., & Sahakian, B.J. (1995b). Contrasting effects of clonidine and diazepam on tests of working memory and planning. Psychopharmacology, 120, 311321.
  • Denney, C.B., & Rapport, M.D. (2001). The cognitive pharmacology of stimulants in children with ADHD. In M.V.Solanto, A.F.T.Arnsten, & F.X.Castellanos (Eds.), Stimulant drugs and ADHD: Basic and clinical neuroscience (pp. 283302). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • D'Esposito, M., & Postle, B.R. (1999). The dependence of span and delayed-response performance on prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychologia, 37, 13031315.
  • Dougherty, D.D., Bonab, A.A., Spencer, T.J., Rauch, S.L., Madras, B.K., & Fischman, A.J. (1999). Dopamine transporter density in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Lancet, 354, 21322133.
  • Douglas, V.I., Barr, R.G., O'Neill, M.E., & Britton, B.G. (1986). Short term effects of methylphenidate on the cognitive, learning and academic performance of children with attention deficit disorder in the laboratory and the classroom. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27, 191211.
  • Downes, J.J., Roberts, A.C., Sahakian, B.J., Evenden, J.L., Morris, R.G., & Robbins, T.W. (1989). Impaired extra-dimensional shift performance in medicated and unmedicated Parkinson's disease: Evidence for a specific attentional dysfunction. Neuropsychologia, 27, 13291343.
  • Dyme, I.Z., Sahakian, B.J., Golinko, B.E., & Rabe, E.F. (1982). Perseveration induced by methylphenidate in children: Preliminary findings. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 6, 269273.
  • Elliott, R., Sahakian, B.J., Matthews, K., Bannerjea, A., Rimmer, J., & Robbins, T.W. (1997). Effects of methylphenidate on spatial working memory and planning in healthy young adults. Psychopharmacology, 131, 196206.
  • Giedd, J.N., Blumenthal, J., Molloy, E., & Castellanos, F.X. (2001). Brain imaging of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 931, 3349.
  • Gillberg, C., Melander, H., von Knorring, A.L., Janols, L.O., Thernlund, G., Hagglof, B., Eidevall-Wallin, L., Gustafsson, P., & Kopp, S. (1997). Long-term stimulant treatment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 857864.
  • Gorenstein, E.E., Mammato, C.A., & Sandy, J.M. (1989). Performance of inattentive-overactive children on selected measures of prefrontal-type function. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 619632.
  • Grace, A.A. (2001). Psychostimulant actions on dopamine and limbic system function: Relevance to the pathophysiology and treatment of ADHD. In M.V.Solanto, A.F.T.Arnsten, & F.X.Castellanos (Eds.), Stimulant drugs and ADHD. Basic and clinical neuroscience (pp. 134157). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Grant, D.A., & Berg, E.A. (1948). A behavioural analysis of degree of reinforcement and ease of shifting to new responses in a Weigl-type card-sorting problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 404411.
  • Grasby, P.M., Friston, K.J., Bench, C.J., Cowen, P.J., Frith, C.D., Liddle, P.F., Frackowiak, R.S., & Dolan, R.J. (1993). The effect of the dopamine agonist, apomorphine, on regional cerebral blood flow in normal volunteers. Psychological Medicine, 23, 605612.
  • Gualtieri, C.T., Wargin, W., Kanoy, R., Patrick, K., Shen, C.D., Youngblood, W., Mueller, R.A., & Breese, G.R. (1982). Clinical studies of methylphenidate serum levels in children and adults. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 21, 1926.
  • Jäkälä, P., Riekkinen, M., Sirvio, J., Koivisto, E., Kejonen, K., Vanhanen, M., & Riekkinen, P., Jr. (1999). Guanfacine, but not clonidine, improves planning and working memory performance in humans. Neuropsychopharmacology, 20, 460470.
  • Johnston, C., Pelham, W.E., Hoza, J., & Sturges, J. (1988). Psychostimulant rebound in attention deficit disordered boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 806810.
  • Karatekin, C., & Asarnow, R.F. (1998). Working memory in childhood-onset schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatry Research, 80, 165176.
  • Kempton, S., Vance, A., Maruff, P., Luk, E., Costin, J., & Pantelis, C. (1999). Executive function and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Stimulant medication and better executive function performance in children. Psychological Medicine, 29, 527538.
  • Kimberg, D.Y., D'Esposito, M., & Farah, M.J. (1997). Effects of bromocriptine on human subjects depends on working memory capacity. Neuroreport, 8, 35813585.
  • Lou, H.C., Henriksen, L., & Bruhn, P. (1984). Focal cerebral hypoperfusion in children with dysphasia and/or attention deficit disorder. Archives of Neurology, 41, 825829.
  • Lou, H.C., Henriksen, L., Bruhn, P., Borner, H., & Nielsen, J.B. (1989). Striatal dysfunction in attention deficit and hyperkinetic disorder. Archives of Neurology, 46, 4852.
  • Luciana, M., & Nelson, C.A. (1998). The functional emergence of prefrontally-guided working memory systems in four- to eight-year-old children. Neuropsychologia, 36, 273293.
  • Mattay, V.S., Berman, K.F., Ostrem, J.L., Esposito, G., Van Horn, J.D., Bigelow, L.B., & Weinberger, D.R. (1996). Dextroamphetamine enhances ‘neural network-specific’ physiological signals: A positron-emission tomography rCBF study. Journal of Neuroscience, 16, 48164822.
  • Mehta, M.A., Calloway, P., & Sahakian, B.J. (2000). Amelioration of specific working memory deficits by methylphenidate in a case of adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 14, 299302.
  • Mehta, M.A., Owen, A.M., Sahakian, B.J., Mavaddat, N., Pickard, J.D., & Robbins, T.W. (2000). Methylphenidate enhances working memory by modulating discrete frontal and parietal lobe regions in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience (Online), 20, RC65.
  • Mehta, M.A., Sahakian, B.J., McKenna, P.J., & Robbins, T.W. (1999). Systemic sulpiride in young adult volunteers simulates the profile of cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease. Psychopharmacology, 146, 162174.
  • Mehta, M.A., Sahakian, B.J., & Robbins, T.W. (2001). Comparative psychopharmacology of methylphenidate and related drugs in human volunteers, patients with AD/HD and experimental animals. In M.V.Solanto, A.F.T.Arnsten, & F.X.Castellanos (Eds.), Stimulant drugs and AD/HD: Basic and clinical neuroscience (pp. 303331). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Milner, B. (1964). Some effects of frontal lobectomy in man. In J.M.Warren & K.Akert (Eds.), The frontal granular cortex and behaviour. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • MTA Cooperative Group. (1999). Moderators and mediators of treatment response for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: The multimodal treatment study of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 10881096.
  • Nigg, J.T., Blaskey, L.G., Huang-Pollock, C.L., & Rappley, M.D. (2002). Neuropsychological executive functions and DSM-IV ADHD subtypes. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 5966.
  • Owen, A.M., Downes, J.J., Sahakian, B.J., Polkey, C.E., & Robbins, T.W. (1990). Planning and spatial working memory following frontal lobe lesions in man. Neuropsychologia, 28, 10211034.
  • Owen, A.M., Evans, A.C., & Petrides, M. (1996). Evidence for a two-stage model of spatial working memory processing within the lateral frontal cortex: A positron emission tomography study. Cerebral Cortex, 6, 3138.
  • Owen, A.M., Morris, R.G., Sahakian, B.J., Polkey, C.E., & Robbins, T.W. (1996). Double dissociations of memory and executive functions in working memory tasks following frontal lobe excisions, temporal lobe excisions or amygdalo-hippocampectomy in man. Brain, 119, 15971615.
  • Owen, A.M., Roberts, A.C., Polkey, C.E., Sahakian, B.J., & Robbins, T.W. (1991). Extra-dimensional versus intra-dimensional set shifting performance following frontal lobe excisions, temporal lobe excisions or amygdalo-hippocampectomy in man. Neuropsychologia, 29, 9931006.
  • Owen, A.M., Sahakian, B.J., Semple, J., Polkey, C.E., & Robbins, T.W. (1995). Visuo-spatial short-term recognition memory and learning after temporal lobe excisions, frontal lobe excisions or amygdalo-hippocampectomy in man. Neuropsychologia, 33, 124.
  • Pennington, B.F., & Ozonoff, S. (1996). Executive functions and developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 5187.
  • Porrino, L.J., Rapoport, J.L., Behar, D., Ismond, D.R., & Bunney, W.E., (1983). A naturalistic assessment of the motor activity of hyperactive boys. II. Stimulant drug effects. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 688693.
  • Rapport, M.D., & Kelly, K.L. (1991). Psychostimulant effect on learning and cognitive function: Findings and implications for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 11, 6192.
  • Robbins, T.W. (2000). Chemical neuromodulation of frontal-executive functions in humans and other animals. Experimental Brain Research, 133, 130138.
  • Robbins, T.W., & Sahakian, B.J. (1979). ‘Paradoxical’ effects of psychomotor stimulant drugs in hyperactive children from the standpoint of behavioural pharmacology. Neuropharmacology, 18, 931950.
  • Rogers, R.D., Andrews, T.C., Grasby, P.M., Brooks, D.J., & Robbins, T.W. (2000). Contrasting cortical and subcortical activations produced by attentional-set shifting and reversal learning in humans. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 142162.
  • Rogers, R.D., Blackshaw, A.J., Middleton, H.C., Matthews, K., Hawtin, K., Crowley, C., Hopwood, A., Wallace, C., Deakin, J.F., Sahakian, B.J., & Robbins, T.W. (1999). Tryptophan depletion impairs stimulus–reward learning while methylphenidate disrupts attentional control in healthy young adults: Implications for the monoaminergic basis of impulsive behaviour. Psychopharmacology, 146, 482491.
  • Sahakian, B.J., Morris, R.G., Evenden, J.L., Heald, A., Levy, R., Philpot, M., & Robbins, T.W. (1988). A comparative study of visuospatial memory and learning in Alzheimer-type dementia and Parkinson's disease. Brain, 111, 695718.
  • Sattler, J.M. (1988). Assessment of children's intelligence and special abilities. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
  • Seeman, P., & Madras, B.K. (1998). Anti-hyperactivity medication: Methylphenidate and amphetamine. Molecular Psychiatry, 3, 386396.
  • Seidman, L.J., Biederman, J., Faraone, S.V., Weber, W., & Ouelette, C. (1997). Towards defining a neuropsychology of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder: Performance of children and adolescents from a large clinically referred sample. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 150160.
  • Servan-Schreiber, D., Printz, H., & Cohen, J.D. (1990). A network model of catecholamine effects: Gain, signal-to-noise ratio, and behavior. Science, 249, 892895.
  • Shallice, T. (1982). Specific impairments in planning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 298, 199209.
  • Shue, K.L., & Douglas, V.I. (1992). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and the frontal lobe syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 20, 104124.
  • Solanto, M.V. (1984). Neuropharmacological basis of stimulant drug action in attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity: A review and synthesis. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 387409.
  • Solanto, M.V. (1986). Behavioral effects of low-dose methylphenidate in childhood attention deficit disorder: Implications for a mechanism of stimulant drug action. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25, 96101.
  • SPSS Inc. (1999). Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (Version 9). Chicago: SPSS Inc.
  • Tannock, R., Ickowicz, A., & Schachar, R. (1995). Differential effects of methylphenidate on working memory in ADHD children with and without comorbid anxiety. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 886896.
  • Tannock, R., & Schachar, R. (1992). Methylphenidate and cognitive perseveration in hyperactive children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33, 12171228.
  • Vaidya, C.J., Austin, G., Kirkorian, G., Ridlehuber, H.W., Desmond, J.E., Glover, G.H., & Gabrieli, J.D. (1998). Selective effects of methylphenidate in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A functional magnetic resonance study. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 95, 1449414499.
  • Volkow, N.D., Wang, G., Fowler, J.S., Logan, J., Gerasimov, M., Maynard, L., Ding, Y., Gatley, S.J., Gifford, A., & Franceschi, D. (2001). Therapeutic doses of oral methylphenidate significantly increase extracellular dopamine in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 21, RC121.
  • Weschler, D. (1992). Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children – third edition UK. Sidcup, Kent: The Psychological Coorporation.
  • Zahrt, J., Taylor, J.R., Mathew, R.G., & Arnsten, A.F. (1997). Supranormal stimulation of D1 dopamine receptors in the rodent prefrontal cortex impairs spatial working memory performance. Journal of Neuroscience, 17, 85288535.