Practitioner Review: Short-term and working memory impairments in neurodevelopmental disorders: diagnosis and remedial support
Version of Record online: 21 MAR 2005
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Volume 47, Issue 1, pages 4–15, January 2006
How to Cite
Gathercole, S. E. and Alloway, T. P. (2006), Practitioner Review: Short-term and working memory impairments in neurodevelopmental disorders: diagnosis and remedial support. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47: 4–15. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01446.x
- Issue online: 21 MAR 2005
- Version of Record online: 21 MAR 2005
- Manuscript accepted 1 December 2004
- Working memory;
- short-term memory;
- Down syndrome;
- Williams syndrome;
- Specific Language Impairment;
- attentional deficits
Background: This article provides an introduction to current models of working and short-term memory, their links with learning, and diagnosis of impairments. The memory impairments associated with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders (Down's syndrome, Williams syndrome, Specific Language Impairment, and attentional deficits) are discussed.
Methods: Methods of alleviating the adverse consequences of working and short-term memory impairments for learning are identified.
Conclusion: Impairments of short-term and working memory are associated with learning difficulties that can be substantial, and that can be minimised by appropriate methods of remedial support.