Adolescent suicide and suicidal behavior


David A. Brent, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 3811 O'Hara Street, BFT 311, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2592, USA; Tel: (412) 246-5596; Fax: (412) 246-5344;


This review examines the descriptive epidemiology, and risk and protective factors for youth suicide and suicidal behavior. A model of youth suicidal behavior is articulated, whereby suicidal behavior ensues as a result of an interaction of socio-cultural, developmental, psychiatric, psychological, and family-environmental factors. On the basis of this review, clinical and public health approaches to the reduction in youth suicide and recommendations for further research will be discussed.