Conflict of interest statement: No conflicts declared.
Autism and autism spectrum disorders: diagnostic issues for the coming decade
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Volume 50, Issue 1-2, pages 108–115, January/February 2009
How to Cite
Volkmar, F. R., State, M. and Klin, A. (2009), Autism and autism spectrum disorders: diagnostic issues for the coming decade. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50: 108–115. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.02010.x
- Issue published online: 29 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2009
- Manuscript accepted 1 August 2008
A decade and a half have elapsed since DSM-IV and ICD-10 appeared. During this time the convergent definitions of autism and related disorders in these two diagnostic systems have stimulated tremendous research. In this brief review we summarize areas of progress and continuing controversy, including approaches to diagnosis in more cognitively able individuals on the autism spectrum, diagnosis in very young infants, the issue of subtypes, and the potential contribution of genetic research. The use of dimensional assessments has some advantages as do the insights from prospective studies. At this point it will be important to study not only causative factors but developmental processes disrupted in these disorders.