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Psychopharmacology: concepts and opinions about the use of stimulant medications


  • James M. Swanson,

  • Nora D. Volkow

  • Conflict of interest statement: James M. Swanson has received honoraria for lectures from J & J Jassen-Ortho, Inc., UCB Pharma Ltd and Convention Likage Inc., and consulting fees from NV Organon.

James M. Swanson, Child Development Center Irvine, The Child Development Center, 19722 MacArthur Boulevard, Irvine, California 92612; United States; Email address:

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