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  • 1
    Extracellular recording techniques have been used to study nerve impulses in single sensory nerve terminals in guinea-pig cornea isolated in vitro.
  • 2
    Nerve impulses occurred spontaneously and were evoked by electrical stimulation of the ciliary nerves.
  • 3
    The nerve impulses were identified as originating in polymodal receptors, mechano-receptors or ‘cold’ receptors. All three types are believed to be nociceptors.
  • 4
    Tetrodotoxin (TTX, 1 μm) blocked nerve impulses evoked by electrical stimulation of the ciliary nerves. However, ongoing and/or naturally evoked nerve impulses persisted in the presence of TTX in all three types of receptors. Lignocaine (lidocaine; 1 mm) blocked all electrical activity.
  • 5
    TTX-resistant sodium channels therefore play a major role in generating the action potentials that signal pain to the brain.