*Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California, U.S.A.
Carotenoids and carotenoid metabolism in Carcinus maenas (Crustacea: Decapoda)
Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
Journal of Zoology
Volume 151, Issue 2, pages 171–180, February 1967
How to Cite
Gilchrist, B. M. and Lee, W. L. (1967), Carotenoids and carotenoid metabolism in Carcinus maenas (Crustacea: Decapoda). Journal of Zoology, 151: 171–180. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1967.tb02108.x
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Accepted 7 October 1966
The carotenoid pigments of the hepatopancreas, ovaries and epidermis of Carcinus maenas were investigated. The following pigments were identified: β-carotene, δ-carotene, echinenone, isocryptoxanthin, canthaxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, flavoxanthin and astacene.
The relative abundance of these pigments in the three tissues and the presence of possible hydroxy and keto intermediates suggest the metabolism of astaxanthin from β-carotene. The metabolic pathway in Carcinus is discussed in relation to recent studies on other invertebrates.