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The Atheriniformes is an order of teleost fish which consists of the Atherinoidei (sand smelts etc.), Cyprinodontoidei (tooth-carps) and Exocoetoidei (halfbeaks etc.). Some of its members have protrusible upper jaws and some do not. Photographs have been taken of two species of Cyprinodontoidei feeding, to discover how they use their jaws, which are protrusible. The anatomy and mechanisms of the jaws of these and of various other Atheriniformes have been studied. The terminology of the kinematics of machines is used in a general discussion of the mechanisms of teleost jaws. Anatomical similarities between the jaws of Acanthopterygii, Cyprinoidei and Atheriniformes are noted and discussed.