*This work was in part supported by a grant from the Nature Conservancy.
Some new Heliconius pupae: their taxonomic and evolutionary significance in relation to mimicry (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)*
Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
Journal of Zoology
Volume 155, Issue 3, pages 311–325, July 1968
How to Cite
Turner, J. R. G. (1968), Some new Heliconius pupae: their taxonomic and evolutionary significance in relation to mimicry (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Journal of Zoology, 155: 311–325. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1968.tb03055.x
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Accepted 13 February 1968
Pupae thought to belong to the butterflies Heliconius burneyi, H. tales, H. aoede, H. xanthocles and H. clysonymus are briefly described.
Division of the genus according to morphology, especially of the pupae, shows that the Mullerian mimicry shown by some species, for instance, the “red-and-yellow”H. melpomene, H. erato, H. burneyi and H. aoede and the “blue-and-yellow”H. wallacei and H. sara, results not simply from failure to diverge but from convergent evolution of the patterns. There is some evidence that the larvae have evolved Mullerian mimicry.
The pupa of H. doris is dimorphic for a striking morphological character—the presence