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Eggs of the Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) and the Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) were incubated in coral sand or silica sand moistened with distilled water. The eggs and hatchlings were analysed for calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. There was less magnesium but more calcium in the hatchlings than in the original egg contents but this was not influenced by the type of sand used during incubation. The results are interpreted as indicating that the eggshell is the major source of calcium for the developing embryos. The Logger-head sea turtle shows a greater efficiency in the incorporation of yolk magnesium and phosphorus into the embryo than does the Green sea turtle.